How Solution Caves Form

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Cave in Carlsbad Caverns

ERN Item Type: 

  • Classroom Activities


National Park Service (NPS), Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)


Caves form through a variety of natural processes depending on their local geology and climate. Flowing lava, melting ice, dissolving rock, and crashing waves are the major processes that form these wondrous environments. In this activity, students will observe a model of how the most common type of cave -- solution caves -- form.

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Earth Science Big Ideas: 

Is this tagged to NGSS by the organization?: 


NGSS Disciplinary Core Ideas: