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2018, Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

How do you suppose people created geologic maps before the advent of photography, aviation, satellite imagery, and remote sensing? What data might have been gathered to determine the geology of an area? Imagine you’re a geoscientist in the early 1800s. You want to create a geologic map of your...

Grade Level: 5, 6, 7, 8
Esri, Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Locating crucial energy resources involves examining phenomena under, on, and above Earth’s surface. Some of these phenomena change frequently, such as winds. Others, such as oil and coal deposits, are products of long series of geologic processes. Yet all are geographic in nature — they occur...

Grade Level: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

This FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) website attempts to address various questions regarding hurricanes, typhoons, and tropical cyclones that have been posed to us as hurricane researchers over the years. While it is not intended to be a technical guide, references are given throughout the FAQ...

Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Weather Service (NWS)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Bernoulli's principle states that in fluid flow, an increase in velocity occurs simultaneously with decrease in pressure. The students will discover that the faster air moves (air acting as a fluid), the lower the pressure beccomes within that air flow. They will see this effect blowing between...

Grade Level: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

This activity shows high schoolers what factors tend to resist changes in ocean pH, and why the ocean is salty.

Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12
American Geosciences Institute (AGI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Soils come from rocks and other things that reflect local conditions. Soil is essential for life. In this investigation, students will be able to identify soil properties that can be related to original bedrock, climate and vegetation. At the same time, they will learn about practical issues...

Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6
National weather Service (NWS) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Learn Science and Safety with the National Weather Service's Owlie Skywarn. NWS Education brings adventures and information to kids, teens, parents, and teachers. Owlie Skywarn puts you on the road to becoming a Young Meteorologist, all while sharing NWS Publications and Brochures on weather...

Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
2004, Exploratorium
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

In this activity, students take a "crayon rock" through different parts of the rock cycle. Students first create "sediments" by shaving crayons to create a pile of bits and pieces (sediments)). Next, students apply pressure to the "sediments" causing them to stick together. This "sedimentary...

Grade Level: 5, 6, 7, 8
Google
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Google Sky Map helps you to explore the Universe using your Android phone. Google Maps is great for showing you what's around you. However, it doesn't give you the full picture because it only displays locations on ground level. If you want to see what's happening up above then install Google...

Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
American Geosciences Institute (AGI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Solar energy is the energy that comes to the Earth from the Sun. It is commonly known as sunlight. This energy arrives in the form of electromagnetic radiation, which is energy that travels in waves. A variety of modern technologies are able to capture and convert solar energy into other useful...

Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12
2015, Compound Interest
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

We're heading out of this world to compare atmospheric compositions of the other planets in the solar system, as well as our own. Practically every other planet in our solar system can be considered to have an atmosphere, apart from perhaps the extremely thin, transient atmosphere of Mercury,...

Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
National Park Service (NPS)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Students will understand the importance of identifying soil levels during archaeological excavations and the importance of artifact provenience.

Grade Level: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
UCAR/NCAR Web Weather for Kids
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

WebWeather for Kids provides information on many different weather-related topics, such as clouds, thunderstorms, tornadoes, and more.

Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Arkansas Geological Survey (AGS)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Students will work together to characterize the geology of a gravel bar by conducting their own specific experiment.

Grade Level: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
University of California, Museum of Paleontology (UCMP)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

In this activity, students examine a variety of soil samples and then conduct a simulated "dig" in a grid of no-bake cookie bars. Students are introduced to the concept of a dig site and the use of simple grids.

Grade Level: 1, 2, 3
2013, United States Geological Survey (USGS)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

This report describes how to build a model of the outer 300 km (180 miles) of the Earth that can be used to develop a better understanding of the principal features of plate tectonics, including sea-floor spreading, the pattern of magnetic stripes frozen into the sea floor, transform faulting,...

Grade Level: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
PBS Learning Media
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Our star, the Sun, is an ordinary star. It is not particularly special compared to other stars in the universe; however, it is crucially important to us. As the massive energy source at the center of our solar system, the Sun is responsible for Earth's climate, weather, and life. In this lesson...

Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
The Weather Channel (TWC), Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Severe weather includes phenomena such as thunderstorms, hurricanes, tornadoes, and lightning storms. Severe weather can cause great amounts of damage, especially in places where severe weather is prevalent. How much of a danger does severe weather pose for the area where you live? You can...

Grade Level: 6, 7, 8
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

These model-building activities from NASA's Stardust mission educator's guide provide a "stellar" opportunity to teach middle level students about comets and how they form. In Cookin' Up a Comet, students and their teacher create a comet model from dry ice and other inexpensive materials (e.g.,...

Grade Level: 6, 7, 8
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

This lesson uses web-based resources that are found within the theme with which this lesson is associated. The purpose of the lesson is to help you integrate these web-based resources into your curriculum. If you need more science content information, refer to the text associated with the...

Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12
Earth Learning Idea (ELI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Pupils prepare a scientific report about earthquakes, a topic studied in science or geography. The activity creates a cross-curricular link between the sciences and arts. Pupils can: relate their existing knowledge about earthquakes to historis paintings of the results of earthquakes; look...

Grade Level: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Visit NASA's Space Place website for a tour of the planet Uranus! Targeted for elementary and middle level audiences and featuring NASA images, the page presents an overview of Uranus.

Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
UCAR/NCAR Web Weather for Kids, Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Even small thunderstorms are dangerous. Every thunderstorm produces lightning, which kills more people than tornadoes each year. Thunderstorms also cause heavy rain, flash flooding, hail, strong winds and tornadoes. When warm and cold air masses meet, a thunderstorm can grow. In this activity,...

Grade Level: 5, 6, 7, 8
National Park Service (NPS)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

This is the National Park Service's site for kids of all ages. If you love our National Parks, Monuments and Historic Sites, this site is for you. If you are new to our National Parks, we hope this site helps you experience how wonderful they can be. We've recently updated this site to make it...

Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Hands on the Land (HOL), National Environmental Education Foundation (NEEF)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Hands on the Land (HOL) is a national network of field classrooms and agency resources to connect students, teachers, families, and volunteers with public lands and waterways. Hands on the Land brings classroom learning to life in America's largest classroom!

Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
Oregon State University (OSU)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Chapter 3 focuses on cones, eruptions, pyroclasts, looking at products of volcanic eruptions and hotspot volcanoes. Lessons included in this chapter: lava flows and pyroclasts, volcanic cones and eruptions, hotspot volcanoes (Hawaii and Yellowstone).

Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
2010, The IRIS Consortium, Purdue University
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

This teaching guide is designed to introduce the concepts of waves and seismic waves that propagate within the Earth, and to provide ideas and suggestions for how to teach about seismic waves.  The guide provides information on the types and properties of seismic waves and instructions for using...

Grade Level: 11, 12
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

The focus of this activity is on interpreting geologic history through volcano formation and excavation. Baking soda, vinegar and play dough are used to model fluid lava flows. Various colors of play dough identify different eruption events. Students will: construct a model of a volcano; produce...

Grade Level: 5, 6, 7, 8
Innovative Technology in Science Inquiry (ITSI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

We commonly experience the fact that in hot weather, lower humidity is more comfortable than higher humidity. Why? In this investigation, you will figure out how to condense water from your classroom air.

Grade Level: 6, 7, 8
2003, WGBH Educational Foundation, PBS LearningMedia
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Students examine the issue of global warming. They calculate how much carbon dioxide all the machines they use produce in one day.

Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12
2001, William P. Blair, Johns Hopkins University
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

A description of several classroom activities for investigating lunar phases, Earth-Moon distances, and lunar eclipses.

Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3
National Park Service (NPS)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

The National Park Service Air Resources Division in a effort to increase the public's awareness of air quality issues has developed a series of five activities for elementary and secondary schools. The activities are for grades six through eight and help teach students about acid rain.

Grade Level: 6, 7, 8
Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

All living things depend on soil to live. What are some of our important natural resources? Your answers might include materials such as oil, water, coal, trees, animals, and gold. All of those areimportant natural resources, but we often forget to mention one of our most important natural...

Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Students explore the dynamics of lunar phases to develop an undertsanding of the relative positions of our Moon, Earth, and Sun thta cause the phases of the Moon as viewed from Earth. Using a golf ball glowing under the ultraviolet light of a "blacklight" makes it easier to see the phases of the...

Grade Level: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Weather Service (NWS)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

The outward extent of wind moving around a hurricane is rarely uniform. The size of this wind firld is often skewed to the right side of the storm's forward progress. At the same time, the size of each tropical cyclone varies. One hurricane, while it may not be very powerful, could have a large...

Grade Level: 10, 11, 12
2018, American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG), Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

In any science, it is important to accurately and understandably describe your observations for others. Whether for advancing research or informing the public, communicating your work is critical. For geologists, this comes down to describing rocks' colors, patterns, shapes, and other features....

Grade Level: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
United States Geological Survey (USGS)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Because the formation of soil involves the interaction of numerous physical, chemical, and biological processes, the study of soil provides an unmatched opportunity to illustrate connections between science and a systems approach to understanding earth processes. Soil, as the basis for...

Grade Level: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
Tags: soils, geology, rocks
Earth Learning Idea (ELI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Are geothermal power sources actually renewable? This activity has students building a geothermal power source and answering questions on renew-ability. Students will see different ways geothermal power is extracted, model forms of this power using a density can filled with hot gravel, and be...

Grade Level: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
2016, National Park Service (NPS)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Happy 100th birthday to the National Park Service! Celebrate our country's majestic national parks with this interactive activity book for K-8 students. Through photographs, fun facts, games, puzzles, conservation tips, and activities, the 20-page book shows students what it means to be a Junior...

Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Annenberg Learner
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

New Englanders have a saying: "If you don't like the weather, just wait a minute." Weather forecasts may be more stable in other parts of the world, but the basic idea stands. weather is dynamic, the product of interacting forces we are only beginning to understand. This interactive teaches...

Grade Level: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

NREL provides a variety of educational resources to help students, teachers, and parents educate their kids about renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies, including hands-on projects and curriculum suggestions for elementary school, middle school, and high school students as well as...

Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
Challenger Center
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Targeted for grades 5-8, the Challenger Center's Martians of Tomorrow STEM Awareness Campaign aims to inspire the next generation of Mars Exploration and involve students in a simulated space-themed mission, Expedition Mars. Take a quiz to find out what role -- communications, navigation,...

Grade Level: 5, 6, 7, 8
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

A transit happens when a planet crosses in front of a star. From our perspective on Earth, we only ever see two planets transit the sun: Mercury and Venus. Both are pretty rare events. Transits of Mercury happen only about 13 times per century and the next transit of Venus won't happen until...

Grade Level: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
Tags: nasa, space
National Geographic
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Students use prior knowledge, a photo gallery, and a video to discuss what they already know about extreme weather on Earth and brainstorm and categorize a list of weather-related words and phrases. Then they identify the necessary conditions for weather events to occur, and the factors that...

Grade Level: 6, 7, 8
Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Scientists, engineers, and others create geologic maps to determine the best places for people to settle, build, farm, and use land in a variety of ways. They also use geologic maps to monitor the ways that human activity might be changing the land itself over time. As the Geologic Map of Karst...

Grade Level: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Since 1970, oil and natural gas have provided more than half of the energy used each year in the United States to produce electricity, heat, transportation fuels, and many everyday products from balloons to vitamins. Oil and natural gas are forms of petroleum, a word that literally means "oily...

Grade Level: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Weather Service (NWS)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

Pressure is not only a matter of altitude but also dependent upon the temperature. As the temperature increases so does the pressure. The molecules and atoms that comprise the air we breathe gain energy as they absorb heat. That increase in energy results in faster moving atoms which we observe...

Grade Level: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

In this lesson students will explore the effects of acidic oceans on certain marine organisms, in the ocean food web, and to humans. Students will conduct a science experiment using the scientific method to see the effects of increased aciridity on certain species. They will also invistigate the...

Grade Level: 5, 6, 7, 8
National Park Service (NPS), Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities

"Soil porosity" refers to the amount of pore, or open space between soil particles. Pore spaces may be formed due to the movement of roots, worms, and insects; expanding gases trapped within these spaces by groundwater; and/or the dissolution of the soil parent material. Soil texture can also...

Grade Level: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
2016, SciStarter and United States National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO)
Resource Type: Classroom Activities
Six out of 10 people in the US have never seen out Milky Way Galaxy arch across their night sky from where they live. And the problem of light pollution is quickly getting worse. Within a couple of generations in the US, only the national parks will have dark enough skies to see the Milky Way...
Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12

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Brooks Coal Mine, Colorado, circa 1905
Classroom Activities
National Park Service (NPS), Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)

In this activity, students will explore their creativity and critical thinking while they imagine a cave environment and create an organism that lives in their cave. Their cave will be one of the types mentioned in the preceding pages, but their organisms will be of their own imagination.

Cave in Carlsbad Caverns
Classroom Activities
National Park Service (NPS), Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)

Caves form through a variety of natural processes depending on their local geology and climate. Flowing lava, melting ice, dissolving rock, and crashing waves are the major processes that form these wondrous environments. In this activity, students will observe a model of how the most common...

Cacti in the Sonoran Desert
Classroom Activities
Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)

In this activity, students study natural features of Mesa Verde and make conclusions about how early inhabitants settled there.

Mauna Ulu on the east rift of Kilauea. Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
Classroom Activities
Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)

Traditional geologic maps — sometimes crisscrossed with lines, blotted with colors, and marked with strike and dip symbols — have been used to depict the geologic makeup of the Earth for many years. New technologies such as satellite-enabled remote sensing are allowing geoscientists to create...

Topaz Sample
Classroom Activities
Association of American State Geologists (AASG), Earth Science Week (ESW), American Geosciences Institute (AGI)

With this activity from the Association of American State Geologists, students can use local geologic maps to research types of rock in their area.

About the Education Resources Network

The Education Resources Network aggregates geoscience education resources from a variety of providers. The goal is to provide visitors with the widest possible collection of curricula, classroom activities, teacher professional development opportunities, science education standards, virtual field trips, teaching ancillaries and much more.

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