How many pounds of minerals are needed for each person in the U.S. per year?

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Crushed gravel-sized stone, an example of an industrial mineral. Image Credit:  Bill Bradley,, Licensed under Creative Commons, CC-BY-SA-3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
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U.S. Geological Survey FAQs:

"To maintain our standard of living, each person in the United States requires over 40,641 pounds of minerals each year:

  • 10,525 lb. of stone
  • 7.501 lb. of sand and gravel
  • 656 lb. of cement
  • 160 lb. of clays
  • 347 lb. of salt
  • 192 lb. phosphate
  • 523 lb. of nonmetals
  • 292 lb. of iron ore
  • 46 lb. of aluminum
  • 12 lb. of copper
  • 11 lb. of lead
  • 5 lb. of zinc
  • 4 lb. of manganese
  • 22 lb. of other metals


  • 918 gallons of petroleum
  • 4,517 lb. of coal
  • 88,503 cu. ft. of natural gas
  • 0.2 lb. uranium

Source: Minerals Information Institute"

Learn More:

  • Do We Take Minerals For Granted? (Web Article), U.S. Geological Survey
    Basic summary of the uses of minerals, future mineral supplies, and minerals and the economy
  • Tracking the Global Supply of Critical Materials (Webinar), American Geosciences Institute
    2018 webinar detailing efforts from the U.S. and European Union to monitor the global production, trade, and usage of critical raw materials; identify and quantify vulnerabilities in supply; and support co-operation on production, recycling, and substitution of key mineral resources.