The American Geosciences Institute (AGI) serves as a voice of shared interests in the profession and plays an active role in increasing public awareness of the vital role the geosciences play in society. We created the Critical Issues Forum series as a platform to reach a broader audience of decision makers, including those at the regional, state, and local levels, and to improve public understanding and perception of the geosciences. I am pleased to present this report summarizing the stimulating presentations and discussions from the inaugural AGI Critical Issues Forum. The two-day meeting examined many dimensions of America’s Increasing Reliance on Natural Gas: Benefits and Risks of a Methane Economy and considered two major questions: 1) Is a natural gas-dominant economy achievable in North America?; and 2) Would a natural gas-dominant economy be desirable? We extend our thanks to all who participated in the Forum and we look forward to hosting other vital conversations highlighting the importance of the geosciences in society.