Ecosystem Conservation and Groundwater

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A groundwater-dependent ecosystem (GDE) is a community of micro-organisms, animals and plants, and associated substrates, whose functioning relies on the presence of water under the ground and/or its emergence to the surface. Some GDEs are supported entirely by groundwater while others also receive water from different sources, but the groundwater contribution is critical as regards water chemistry to nourish certain species, and provide stable water temperature and absence of sediment load.

Document Type: 

  • Fact Sheet


  • critical issues, database publication, environment, water, groundwater