Investigation of Sand Resources in North Dakota: Sedimentological Characterization of Surficial Sand Deposits for Potential Use as Proppant

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An investigation into the potential use of sands found in North Dakota as natural proppants for use in the hydraulic fracturing of oil and gas wells in the Williston Basin was conducted during the 2009-2011 biennium. The intent of this investigation was to characterize selected sand sources for potential use as proppants by using applicable testing methodologies recommended for the testing and evaluation of natural sands as proppants as published by the International Organization for Standards (ISO), the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), and the American Petroleum Institute (API), and current oil and gas industry engineering practice.

Document Type: 

  • Report


  • critical issues, database publication, oil and gas, hydraulic fracturing, mineral resources, north dakota