Simulated effects of salt-mine collapse on ground-water flow and land subsidence in a glacial aquifer system, Livingston County, New York

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The bedrock ceiling in parts of the Retsof salt mine in the the Genesee Valley, Livingston County, N.Y. collapsed on March 12, 1994 and water from overlying aquifers began to flow into the mine at a rate of 5,500 gal/min (gallons per minute), and the rate increased to as much as 20,000 gal/min after a second collapse 3 weeks later in April 1994. Efforts to save the mine were abandoned by the end of 1994, and the mine was completely flooded by January 1996.

Document Type: 

  • Report


  • critical issues, database publication, mining, hazards, water, new york