Tsunami inundation maps of Elfin Cove, Gustavus, and Hoonah, Alaska

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In this report, we evaluate potential tsunami hazards for southeastern Alaska communities of Elfin Cove, Gustavus, and Hoonah and numerically model the extent of inundation from tsunami waves generated by tectonic and landslide sources. We perform numerical modeling of historic tsunami events, such as the tsunami triggered by the 1964 Great Alaska Earthquake, and the tsunami waves generated by the recent 2011 Tohoku and 2012 Haida Gwaii earthquakes. Hypothetical tsunami scenarios include variations of the extended 1964 rupture, megathrust earthquakes in the Prince William Sound and Alaska Peninsula regions, and a Cascadia megathrust earthquake. Local underwater landslide events in Taylor Bay and Port Frederick, and a rockslide in Tidal Inlet are also considered as possible tsunamigenic scenarios. Numerical modeling results, combined with historical observations in the region, are intended to provide guidance to local emergency management in tsunami hazard assessment, evacuation planning, and public education for the reduction of future tsunami risk.

Document Type: 

  • Report


  • critical issues, database publication, hazards, tsunami, maps, alaska