Weather hazards include hurricanes, tornadoes, thunderstorms, lightning, hail, winds, and winter weather. Many of these phenomena are related to atmospheric conditions that can be monitored and forecast.
Why do weather hazards matter?
Weather hazards impact the entire country, with enormous effects on the economy and public safety. Since 1980, weather/climate disasters have cost the U.S. economy more than $1 trillion. Several billion-dollar weather/climate disasters affect the United States in an average year.
How does geoscience help inform decisions about weather and climate hazards?
Geoscientists who study weather patterns, also known as meteorologists, closely monitor weather conditions in order to issue warnings and make recommendations to the public and emergency managers. They also combine these observations with computer models of the Earth's atmosphere, land, and oceans to predict how weather is likely to change in the future.
1Billion-Dollar Weather/Climate Disasters: Overview, NOAA, www.ncdc.noaa.gov/billions/overview
2Billion-Dollar Weather/Climate Disasters: Table of Events, NOAA, www.ncdc.noaa.gov/billions/events
- Severe Weather 101 (Webpage), National Severe Storms Laboratory/NOAA
Answers to basic questions about the science and forecasting of severe weather events, including tornadoes, thunderstorms, lightning, hail, floods, damaging winds and winter weather.
- How weather forecasts are created (Website), UK Met Office
Explanation of how weather forecasting works, from measurements to models to distribution
Resources for Educators
- Education Resources Network, AGI's Center for Geoscience & Society
Search for weather hazard resources in: Professional Resources, Organizations, Curricula & Instruction, Teaching Media, Outreach Programs
- NGSS Performance Expectations, Next Generation Science Standards
K-ESS2-1, K-ESS3-2, 3-ESS2-1, 3-ESS2-2, 3-ESS3-1, 4-ESS3-2, MS-ESS2-5, MS-ESS3-2, HS-ESS3-1
- NGSS Disciplinary Core Ideas, Next Generation Science Standards