Weather hazards include hurricanes, tornadoes, thunderstorms, lightning, hail, winds, and winter weather. Many of these phenomena are related to atmospheric conditions that can be monitored and forecast.
Why do weather hazards matter?
Weather hazards impact the entire country, with enormous effects on the economy and public safety. Since 1980, weather/climate disasters have cost the U.S. economy more than $1 trillion. Several billion-dollar weather/climate disasters affect the United States in an average year.
How does geoscience help inform decisions about weather and climate hazards?
Geoscientists who study weather patterns, also known as meteorologists, closely monitor weather conditions in order to issue warnings and make recommendations to the public and emergency managers. They also combine these observations with computer models of the Earth's atmosphere, land, and oceans to predict how weather is likely to change in the future.
1Billion-Dollar Weather/Climate Disasters: Overview, NOAA, www.ncdc.noaa.gov/billions/overview
2Billion-Dollar Weather/Climate Disasters: Table of Events, NOAA, www.ncdc.noaa.gov/billions/events