Geoscience in Nevada

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By the numbers: Nevada

  • 3,819 geoscience employees (excludes self-employed)1
  • 1.44 billion gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal3
  • $8.68 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20174
  • 68 total disaster declarations, including 47 fire, 11 flood, and 5 severe storm disasters (1953-2017)6
  • $2.04 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in Nevada in 201714

What is Geoscience?

Geoscience is the study of the Earth and the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Understanding the Earth’s surface and subsurface, its resources, history, and hazards allows us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology
Mail Stop 178
University of Nevada
Reno, NV 89557

Workforce in Nevada

  • 3,819 geoscience employees (excludes self-employed) in 20171
  • $75,909: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 7 academic geoscience departments2

Water Use in Nevada

  • 1.44 billion gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal3
  • 1.52 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal3
  • 531 million gallons/day: public supply water withdrawal3
  • 2.07 billion gallons/day: water withdrawal for irrigation3
  • 6 million gallons/day: industrial fresh water withdrawal3
  • 93% of the population is served by public water supplies3

Energy and Minerals in Nevada

  • $8.68 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20174
  • Gold, copper, crushed stone: top three nonfuel minerals in order of value produced in 20174
  • 1.79 million megawatt hours: hydroelectricity produced in 20175
  • 3.37 million megawatt hours: geothermal produced in 20175
  • 3.84 million megawatt hours: solar produced in 20175

Natural Hazards in Nevada

  • 68 total disaster declarations, including 47 fire, 11 flood, and 5 severe storm disasters (1953-2017)6
  • $2 million: individual assistance grants (2005-2017)6
  • $17 million: mitigation grants (2005-2017)6
  • $219 million: preparedness grants (2005-2017)6
  • $20 million: public assistance grants (2005-2017)6
  • 17 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) (1980-2017)7

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) 

  • $1.15 billion: total USGS budget in FY 2018 (5.8% increase from FY 2017)8
  • The National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program funds geologic mapping projects with federal (FEDMAP), state (STATEMAP), and university (EDMAP) partners
  • $3.66 million: Nevada STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)9
  • University of Nevada, Las Vegas and University of Nevada, Reno have participated in EDMAP9
  • USGS streamgages collect real-time or recent streamflow, groundwater, and water-quality data throughout Nevada

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $20.7 billion: total NASA budget in FY 2018 (5.5% increase from FY 2017)10
  • $1.9 billion: total NASA Earth Science budget in FY 2018 (0% change from FY 2017)10
  • Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites measure groundwater changes in Nevada
  • Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) satellite measures soil moisture in Nevada

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.9 billion: total NOAA budget in FY 2018 (4.1% increase from FY 2017)11
  • Next-generation geostationary (GOES) and polar orbiting (JPSS) satellites provide weather forecasting over Nevada
  • Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR) satellite monitors radiation and air quality over Nevada
  • 13 National Weather Service Automated Surface Observing Systems (ASOS) stations in Nevada12
  • 104 National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) sites in Nevada12

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.8 billion: total NSF budget in FY 2018 (4% increase from FY 2017)13
  • $1.4 billion: total NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) awards in FY 2017 (7.2% increase from FY 2016)14
  • 17 NSF GEO awards in Nevada totaling $2.04 million in 201714
  • $902,000: NSF GEO grants awarded to Nevada System of Higher Education, Desert Research Institute in 201714

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.1 billion: total EPA budget in FY 2018 (0% change from FY 2017)15
  • 1 active Superfund site in Nevada in 201816
  • $11.8 million: value of Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) grants in Nevada in 201717

Federal Facilities in Nevada

  • USGS Nevada Water Science Center, Carson City
  • USGS Western Ecological Reserach Center Field Station, Henderson
  • USDA Forest Service Reno Great Basin Ecology Laboratory, Reno


1. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, May 2017
2. American Geosciences Institute, Directory of Geoscience Departments, 53rd Edition (2018)
3. U.S. Geological Survey, Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2015
4. U.S. Geological Survey, Mineral Commodity Summaries 2018
5. U.S. Energy Information Administration
6. FEMA Data Visualization: Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants (accessed May 2, 2018)
7. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, U.S. Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters from 1980 to 2018 (accessed April 6, 2018)
8. U.S. Department of the Interior, FY 2019 Budet in Brief
9. U.S. Geological Survey, National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
10. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, FY 2019 Budget Estimates
11. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, FY 2019 Bluebook
12. NOAA In Your State and Territory
13. U.S. House of Representatives, FY 2018 Omnibus Spending Bill (Division B) – Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2018
14. National Science Foundation, Budget Information System
15. U.S. House of Representatives, FY 2018 Omnibus Spending Bill (Division G) – Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2018
16. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Superfund Sites
17. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

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