North Carolina

General Information on North Carolina Professional Geologist Licenses

Does state provide a license: Yes

Current Active Licensees

Title Licensees
Geologist 1100

License: Professional Geologist

Exam Entity: ASBOG

Licensing Board: North Carolina Board for Licensing of Geologists

Licensing Board Website:

Continuing Education and Experience

Degree required:

Minimum degree level required to licensure as specified by the state regulations. ‘Other’ indicates that minimum education requirements must be met that are considered equivalent to a college degree, or minimum experience requirements must be met. See notes and applicable state laws and regulations for complete information.

  • Other
  • Bachelor’s Degree

Majors accepted:

Majors defined in the state regulations as acceptable to obtain a professional geologist or geoscientist license, or for the specified environmental professional license in states without a PG license.

  • Engineering Geology
  • Geological Engineering
  • Geology
  • Related Geological Sciences

Courses required:

  • Other
  • Metamorphic Petrology
  • Structural Geology
  • Sedimentology
  • Igneous Petrology
  • Stratigraphy
  • Historical Geology
  • Mineralogy
  • Physical Geology

Courses accepted:

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Remote Sensing
  • Hydrogeology
  • Soil Science
  • Water Chemistry
  • Advanced Structural Geology
  • Geochemistry
  • Optical Mineralogy
  • Gis
  • Engineering Geology
  • Advanced Petrology
  • Hydrology
  • Seismology
  • Stratigraphy
  • Paleontology
  • Other
  • Environmental Geology
  • Geomorphology
  • Earth Materials
  • Geophysics

Geology credits required: 30

Minimum number of semester hours in relevant course work required for licensure. Thirty (30) semester hours = forty-five (45) quarter hours; twenty-four (24) semester hours = thirty-six (36) quarter hours.

Credit information: The Board requires thirty (30) hours of geological study, with twenty-four (24) hours of upper-level courses in areas including: geology, geophysics, geochemistry, oceanography, paleontology, hydrology, soil science, economic geology and engineering geology. See the “North Carolinea Geological Licensure: Academic Guidelines” for specific academic requirements considered acceptable for licensure.

Education Notes: See the state regulations for a complete explanation of the education requirements for licensure.

Years of experience required: 5

Experience credits needed: 4

Experience information: Undergraduate study may qualify for up to two years of experience. Graduate study may qualify for an additional two years of experience.

Continuing education requirements: Yes

Continuing education years: 12

Continuing education details: Licensees must obtain 12 Professional Development Hours (PDHs) of geologic education each license year in order to renew their license.

Geologist in Training license available: Yes

Can take Fundamentals of Geology test before graduation: Yes

Fundamentals of Geology test details: The rules, regulations and board website do not specifically address taking the FG examination before degree completion. The regulations state that to qualify, the applicant is required to have completed 30 semester hours or the equivalent in geological science courses leading to a major in geology, of which at least 24 hours of the equivalent were upper level undergraduate courses or graduate courses

Legal Code Reference for GIT, FG: § 89E-3, and § 89E-9 Geologist Licensing Act

Sunset and Audit Legislation Information

Most registration and licensure systems include structural approaches to review both the need and operational effectiveness of the process.

Some states provide formal sunset evaluation processes for their licensure programs. Many also include a periodic audit process of the licensure program/agency, which can range from cursory financial reviews to comprehensive evaluation of program effectiveness.

The audit process is often leveraged when political pressure is applied to eliminate geologist licensure, so awareness of the history and codes for audits and sunset evaluations is critical to montioring the health of the licensure within the state.

Current modes for sunsetting evaluation: Both sunset review and audit

License subject to sunset review: Yes

License subject to audit review: Yes

Sunset regulation name: Periodic Review and Expiration of Existing Rules

Sunset statute: General Statutes, Chapter 150B. Administrative Procedures Act, Section 21.3A. Periodic Review and Expiration of Existing Rules

Sunset statute reference:

Sunset committee: Rules Review Commission, and Joint Legislative Administrative Procedure Oversight Committee

Sunset committee website:

Sunset duration: Each agency subject to this Article shall conduct a review of the agency’s existing rules at least once every 10 years

Sunset notes: The results of the 2014 RRC review were “Necessary without substantive public interest”. See RRC guide for

Other sunset references: Overview of the Review Process

Other sunset references website:

Auditor name: North Carolina Office of the State Auditor

Auditor website:

Audit statute: General Statutes, Chapter 147. State Officers, Article 5A. Auditor

Audit Statute abbreviation: General Statutes, Chapter 147. State Officers, Article 5A. Auditor Section 41-5A-1

Audit statute link:

Audit legislation committee: None identified

Audit legislation committee website:

Audit reference: Report Search

Audit reference website:

Sunset and Audit Legislation History

Year Action Notes
1977 Sunset law created The Periodic Review of Certain State Agencies law (sunset law) was created under NC Statute §143-34.10.
1979 Sunset law amended The sunset law was amended, sections were repealed.
1981 Sunset law repealed The sunset law was repealed on 7/30/1981.
1981 Sunset law created The Legislative Committee on Agency Review was created. This agency succeeded the sunset law and operated until 6/30/1983.
1983 Sunset law repealed The Legislative Committee on Agency Review was repealed.
1986 Practice regulation The North Carolina Board for Licensing of Geologists was created.
1986 Sunset law created The Rules Review Commission (RRC) was created.
1995 ASBOG The first ASBOG exam was administered.
2013 Sunset law created The Regulatory Reform Act was created by Session Law 2013-413, HB 74. In this law, the RRC was to review every rule at least once every 10 years.
2014 Audit Financial Audit of the Occupational Licensing Boards and Commissions by the Office of the State Auditor, report number FCA-2014-7902.
2014 Sunset review The Board for Licensing of Geologists was reviewed by RRC, report number G.S. 150B-21.3A Report for 21 NCAC 21. The RRC determination was “Necessary without substantive public interest.”
2017 Audit Financial audit of the Board, report number CPA-2016-8110.
2018 Audit Financial audit of the Board, report number CPA-2017-8110.
2019 Audit Financial audit of the Board, report number CPA-2018-8110.