Geoscience and Florida

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What is Geoscience?

Geoscientists study the Earth’s systems—the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Geoscience expertise enables us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: Florida

$3.26 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167

14,000: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

4,095: jobs in extractive industry in 20152

57 severe storm, hurricane/tropical storm, and tornado disaster declarations since 19538

$187.8 million: NSF grants awarded to Florida in 201618

$19.85 million: NSF GEO grants awarded to Florida in 201618

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

Florida Geological Survey
3000 Commonwealth Blvd., Suite 1
Tallahassee, FL 32303
(850) 617-0300

Workforce in Florida

  • 14,000: geoscience employees (non-federal/selfemployed) in 20151
  • $58,500: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 4,095: jobs in extractive industries in 20152
  • 29: academic geoscience departments3

Water in Florida

  • 4.1 billion gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal4
  • 10.8 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal4
  • 2.3 billion gallons/day: public water supply withdrawal4
  • 2.9 billion gallons/day: irrigation water withdrawal4
  • 213 million gallons/day: self-supplied industrial fresh water withdrawal4
  • 90% of the population is served by public water supplies4
  • 4 counties in 2015 designated as primary natural disaster areas caused by drought5
  • 147 USGS stream gages in Florida6

Energy and Minerals Production in Florida

  • $3.26 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167
  • Crude Oil: 2.2 million barrels in 20152
  • Natural Gas: 21.26 billion cubic feet in 20142
  • Hydroelectricity: 223,000 megawatt hours in 20152
  • Solar: 252,000 megawatt hours in 20152
  • Other Biomass: 2.4 million megawatt hours in 2015; 11% of U.S. production2

Natural Hazards in Florida

FEMA statistics for Florida

  • 22 severe storm disaster declarations since 19538
  • 34 hurricane/tropical storm disaster declarations since 19538
  • 13 flooding disaster declarations since 19538
  • 1 tornado disaster declaration since 19538
  • 42 fire disaster declarations since 19538
  • $486 million: individual assistance grants since 20058
  • $586 million: mitigation grants since 20058
  • $1 billion: preparedness grants since 20058
  • $2.28 billion: public assistance grants since 20058
  • 44 weather and/or climate events with costs of each exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) 1980-20169

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Geologic Mapping

  • $1.06 billion: total USGS budget; 1.6% up from FY 201510
  • The USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP) funds geologic mapping projects by states (STATEMAP) and universities (EDMAP)
  • $2.8 million: Florida STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)11
  • 50 Florida counties mapped or partially mapped with STATEMAP funds11
  • 23 geologic maps in Florida created with STATEMAP support11
  • 25,239 square miles in Florida mapped through STATEMAP11
  • Florida State University participated in EDMAP11

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $5.6 billion: total NASA Science budget; 6.6% up from FY 201512
  • $1.9 billion: total NASA Earth Science budget; 7.7% up from FY 201512
  • GRACE satellites measure groundwater changes in all of Florida13
  • SMAP satellite measures soil moisture in all of Florida13

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.8 billion: total NOAA budget; 5.9% up from FY 201514
  • GOES satellites provide state-of-the-art weather forecasting over Florida15
  • DISCOVR satellite monitors radiation and air quality over Florida15
  • 50 National Weather Service observing stations in Florida16
  • 151 National Weather Service cooperative observer sites in Florida16

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.46 billion: total NSF budget; 1.6% up from FY 201517
  • $1.28 billion: total NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) budget; 1.6% up from FY 201517
  • 583 NSF grants in Florida totaling $187.8 million in 201618
  • 55 NSF GEO grants in Florida totaling $19.85 million in 201618
  • $6.6 million: NSF GEO grants to the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science in 201618

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.14 billion: total EPA budget; 0% up from FY 201519
  • 92 active/proposed superfund sites20
  • $677.5 million: cumulative federal grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) in Florida (1997-2016)21
  • $30.4 million: annual value of federal DWSRF grants in Florida in 201621

Major Federal Facilities in Florida

  • NSF National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahasee
  • NASA Kennedy Space Center, Florida’s Space Coast
  • USGS Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Gainesville
  • USGS Florida Water Science Center, Lutz
  • NOAA (NWS) - National Hurricane Center, Miami


1Data Derived from Bureau of Labor Statistics: Occupational Employment Statistics 2015
2U.S. DOI U.S. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
3American Geosciences Institute Directory of Geoscience Departments 2016
4USGS Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
5USDA Farm Service Agency: Disaster Designation Information, 2015
6USGS WaterWatch Total Streamgage Stations, March 10, 2017
7USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017
8FEMA Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants, 2016
9NOAA Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Mapping
11Florida State Geological Survey
13Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP); Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE), Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM)
14NOAA Total Budget
15Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) & Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR)
16NOAA in Your State
18NSF Budget Internet Information System
19EPA Budget and Spending
20EPA Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live (August 2017)
21EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2017-08-04

Written and compiled by Jeremiah Bernau for AGI, April 2017

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