Geoscience in Wyoming

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What is Geoscience?

Geoscience is the study of the Earth and the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Understanding the Earth’s surface and subsurface, its resources, history, and hazards allows us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: Wyoming

2,197 geoscience employees (excludes self-employed)1

748 million gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal3

$2.41 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20174

30 total disaster declarations, including 18 fire, 5 flood, and 2 severe storm disasters (1953-2017)⁶

$4.65 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in 201714

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

Wyoming State Geological Survey
1000 E University Ave 
P.O. Box 1347
Laramie, WY 82073
307-766-2286

Workforce in Wyoming

  • 2,197 geoscience employees (excludes self-employed) in 20171
  • $77,359: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 1 academic geoscience department2

Water Use in Wyoming

  • 748 million gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal3
  • 7.40 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal3
  • 101 million gallons/day: public supply water withdrawal3
  • 7.79 billion gallons/day: water withdrawal for irrigation3
  • 8 million gallons/day: industrial fresh water withdrawal3
  • 80% of the population is served by public water supplies3

Energy and Minerals in Wyoming

  • $2.41 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20174
  • Soda ash, helium (Grade-A), clays (bentonite): top three nonfuel minerals in order of value produced in 20174
  • 297 million short tons: coal produced in 20165
  • 1.55 trillion cubic feet: natural gas produced in 20175
  • 75.5 million barrels: crude oil produced in 20175
  • 1.04 million megawatt hours: hydroelectricity produced in 20175

Natural Hazards in Wyoming

  • 30 total disaster declarations, including 18 fire, 5 flood, and 2 severe storm disasters (1953-2017)6
  • $2 million: individual assistance grants (2005-2017)6
  • $17 million: mitigation grants (2005-2017)6
  • $96 million : preparedness grants (2005-2017)6
  • $11 million: public assistance grants (2005-2017)⁶
  • 19 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) (1980-2017)7

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

  •  $1.15 billion: total USGS budget in FY 2018 (5.8% increase from FY 2017)8
  • The National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program funds geologic mapping projects with federal (FEDMAP), state (STATEMAP), and university (EDMAP) partners
  • $1.97 million: Wyoming STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)9
  • University of Wyoming have participated in EDMAP9
  • USGS streamgages collect real-time or recent streamflow, groundwater, and water-quality data throughout Wyoming

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $20.7 billion: total NASA budget in FY 2018 (5.5% increase from FY 2017)10
  • $1.9 billion: total NASA Earth Science budget in FY 2018 (0% change from FY 2017)10
  • Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites measure groundwater changes in Wyoming
  • Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) satellite measures soil moisture in Wyoming

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.9 billion: total NOAA budget in FY 2018 (4.1% increase from FY 2017)11
  • Next-generation geostationary (GOES) and polar orbiting (JPSS) satellites provide weather forecasting over Wyoming
  • Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR) satellite monitors radiation and air quality over Wyoming
  • 17 National Weather Service Automated Surface Observing Systems (ASOS) stations in Wyoming12
  • 169 National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) sites in Wyoming12

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.8 billion: total NSF budget in FY 2018 (4% increase from FY 2017)13
  • $1.4 billion: total NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) awards in FY 2017 (7.2% increase from FY 2016)14
  • 11 NSF GEO awards in Wyoming totaling $4.65 million in 201714
  • $4.65 million: NSF GEO grants awarded to University of Wyoming in 201714

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.1 billion: total EPA budget in FY 2018 (0% change from FY 2017)15
  • 2 active Superfund sites in Wyoming in 201816
  • $8.24 million: Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) grants in Wyoming in 201717

Federal Facilities in Wyoming

  • USGS Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK) - Jackson Duty Station
  • USGS Wyoming-Montana Water Science Center - Cheyenne Office
  • USDA ARS High Plains Grasslands Research Station

References

1. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, May 2017
2. American Geosciences Institute, Directory of Geoscience Departments, 53rd Edition (2018)
3. U.S. Geological Survey, Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2015
4. U.S. Geological Survey, Mineral Commodity Summaries 2018
5. U.S. Energy Information Administration
6. FEMA Data Visualization: Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants (accessed May 2, 2018)
7. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, U.S. Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters from 1980 to 2018 (accessed April 6, 2018)
8. U.S. Department of the Interior, FY 2019 Budet in Brief
9. U.S. Geological Survey, National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
10. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, FY 2019 Budget Estimates
11. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, FY 2019 Bluebook
12. NOAA In Your State and Territory
13. U.S. House of Representatives, FY 2018 Omnibus Spending Bill (Division B) – Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2018
14. National Science Foundation, Budget Information System
15. U.S. House of Representatives, FY 2018 Omnibus Spending Bill (Division G) – Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2018
16. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Superfund Sites
17. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports



Date updated: 2018-08-30

Compiled by the AGI Geoscience Policy Program, July 2018

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