Geoscience in Oregon

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What is Geoscience?

Geoscience is the study of the Earth and the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Understanding the Earth’s surface and subsurface, its resources, history, and hazards allows us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: Oregon

4,914 geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

1.48 billion gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal3

$474 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20174

73 total disaster declarations, including 40 fire, 14 flood, and 13 severe storm disasters (1953-2017)⁶

$143 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in 201714

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries
800 NE Oregon Street, Suite 965
Portland, OR 97232-2162
971-673-1555

Workforce in Oregon

  • 4,914 geoscience employees (non-federal/selfemployed) in 20171
  • $78,367: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 7 academic geoscience departments

Water Use in Oregon

  • 1.48 billion gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal3
  • 5.10 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal3
  • 567 million gallons/day: public supply water withdrawal3
  • 5.16 billion gallons/day: water withdrawal for irrigation3
  • 105 million gallons/day: industrial fresh water withdrawal3
  • 84% of the population is served by public water supplies3

Energy and Minerals in Oregon

  • $474 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20174
  • Stone (crushed), sand and gravel (construction), cement (portland): top three nonfuel minerals in order of value produced in 20174
  • 6.51 million megawatt hours: wind produced in 20175
  • 36.6 million megawatt hours: hydroelectricity produced in 20175
  • 193,000 megawatt hours: geothermal produced in 20175

Natural Hazards in Oregon

  • 73 total disaster declarations, including 40 fire, 14 flood, and 13 severe storm disasters (1953-2017)6
  • $6 million: individual assistance grants (2005-2017)6
  • $105 million: mitigation grants (2005-2017)6
  • $248 million: preparedness grants (2005-2017)6
  • $132 million: public assistance grants (2005-2017)⁶
  • 27 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) (1980-2017)7

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) 

  • $1.15 billion: total USGS budget in FY 2018 (5.8% increase from FY 2017)8
  • The National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program funds geologic mapping projects with federal (FEDMAP), state (STATEMAP), and university (EDMAP) partners
  • $3.96 million: Oregon STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)9
  • Oregon State University, Portland State University, and the University of Oregon have participated in EDMAP9
  • USGS streamgages collect real-time or recent streamflow, groundwater, and water-quality data throughout Oregon

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $20.7 billion: total NASA budget in FY 2018 (5.5% increase from FY 2017)10
  • $1.9 billion: total NASA Earth Science budget in FY 2018 (0% change from FY 2017)10
  • Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites measure groundwater changes in Oregon
  • Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) satellite measures soil moisture in Oregon

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.9 billion: total NOAA budget in FY 2018 (4.1% increase from FY 2017)11
  • Next-generation geostationary (GOES) and polar orbiting (JPSS) satellites provide weather forecasting over Oregon
  • Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR) satellite monitors radiation and air quality over Oregon
  • 22 National Weather Service Automated Surface Observing Systems (ASOS) stations in Oregon12
  • 272 National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) sites in Oregon12

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.8 billion: total NSF budget in FY 2018 (4% increase from FY 2017)13
  • $1.4 billion: total NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) awards in FY 2017 (7.2% increase from FY 2016)14
  • 78 NSF GEO awards in Oregon totaling $143 million in 201714
  • $138 million: NSF GEO grants awarded to Oregon State University in 201714

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.1 billion: total EPA budget in FY 2018 (0% change from FY 2017)15
  • 13 active Superfund sites in Oregon in 201816
  • $11.7 million: Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) grants in Oregon in 201717
  • $400,000: Brownfield cleanup grants awarded to Oregon in 201818

Federal Facilities in Oregon

  • USGS Oregon Water Science Center, Portland
  • NSF Center for Coastal Margin Observation & Prediction (CMOP), Portland
  • USGS Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center, Corvalis
  • DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory, Albany

References

1. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, May 2017
2. American Geosciences Institute, Directory of Geoscience Departments, 53rd Edition (2018)
3. U.S. Geological Survey, Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2015
4. U.S. Geological Survey, Mineral Commodity Summaries 2018
5. U.S. Energy Information Administration
6. FEMA Data Visualization: Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants (accessed May 2, 2018)
7. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, U.S. Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters from 1980 to 2018 (accessed April 6, 2018)
8. U.S. Department of the Interior, FY 2019 Budet in Brief
9. U.S. Geological Survey, National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
10. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, FY 2019 Budget Estimates
11. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, FY 2019 Bluebook
12. NOAA In Your State and Territory
13. U.S. House of Representatives, FY 2018 Omnibus Spending Bill (Division B) – Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2018
14. National Science Foundation, Budget Information System
15. U.S. House of Representatives, FY 2018 Omnibus Spending Bill (Division G) – Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2018
16. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Superfund Sites
17. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports
18. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Brownfields Grant Fact Sheet Search



Date updated: 2018-08-31

Compiled by the AGI Geoscience Policy program, July 2018

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