Wind Energy

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Wind energy is harnessed by wind turbines, which convert the energy of the wind into electricity. Wind energy is one of the largest sources of renewable energy. Wind farms can now be found in more than 40 states.

Basics

A wind turbine.

Wind energy is harnessed by wind turbines, which convert the energy of the wind into electricity. Wind energy is one of the largest sources of renewable energy.
Wind farms are most effective in areas with high and steady wind speeds, such as the central United States: Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Iowa together produce around half of all the wind power in the country. Wind speed generally increases with height, which is why wind turbines tend to be very tall.
Wind speeds over the ocean tend to be faster and steadier than on land. As a result, some countries have developed offshore wind farms, which come with their own geoscientific and engineering challenges. The first offshore wind farm in the United States began producing electricity off the coast of Rhode Island in 2016.   Read more

Frequently Asked Questions

Latest News

House chamber
(2018-07-10)
June 26, 2018 The House Natural Resources Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources held a hearing to discuss three separate wind energy bills on June 26. A draft bill called the National OCS Renewable Energy Leasing Program Act would amend the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1331)...
U.S. Capitol
(2016-08-25)
July 12, 2016 Senator Lamar Alexander (R-TN) introduced a bill (S. 3169) that would authorize new basic energy research funding for the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science programs by eliminating the long-standing wind production tax credit (PTC) that has helped to expand wind power...
Nuclear power plant, Czech Republic
(2016-07-28)
July 13, 2016 The House Natural Resources Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources held a hearing to discuss the Public Land Renewable Energy Development Act (H.R.2663), a bipartisan bill with 67 cosponsors that was introduced by Rep. Paul Gosar (R-AZ) in 2015. If enacted, H.R.2663 would...
Atlantic waves
(2016-06-15)
June 8, 2016 Inspired by recent milestones in domestic offshore wind energy and persistently low oil and gas prices, Capitol Hill Ocean Week (CHOW 2016) included a panel on potential changes to U.S. offshore energy portfolios. The panel, moderated by E&ETV’s managing editor Monica Trauzzi,...

Geological Surveys Database Publications

1977, Oklahoma Geological Survey

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2013, Oklahoma Geological Survey

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2002, Oklahoma Geological Survey

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1986, Wyoming State Geological Survey

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2006, Colorado Geological Survey
Describes exploration, development and production activity of the gas and oil, coal, and mineral industries of the state in 2005. The report also includes information on the economic impact of these industries on the state. 57 pages 69 figures 14 tables. Digital file available as a download. IS-73D.
2005, Colorado Geological Survey
Describes exploration, development and production activity of the gas and oil, coal, and mineral industries in the state of Colorado in 2004. The report also includes information on the economic impact of these industries across the state. 42 pages, 53 figures, 12 tables. Digital PDF download. IS-...
2004, Colorado Geological Survey
Describes exploration, development and production activity of the gas and oil, coal, and mineral industries in the state of Colorado in 2003. The report also includes information on the state-wide economic impact of these industries. Digital PDF download. IS-69D.
2005, Oklahoma Geological Survey

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2000, Kansas Geological Survey
This report will examine the history, current status, and future of energy in Kansas. Total energy consumption continues to grow in Kansas. However, Kansas is more energy efficient than 20 years ago. In 1998, 70% less energy was required per dollar of gross state product than it was in 1977. Growth...
2005, Colorado Geological Survey
Provides the most recent information available on active, recently active and potentially active coal mines. Contains information on each mine's location, operating company, mine type, geology, coal quality, coal production, and distribution. Includes 1:1,000,000 scale map that depicts the...