Geoscience and Ohio

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What is Geoscience?

Geoscientists study the Earth’s systems—the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Geoscience expertise enables us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: Ohio

$1.3 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20166

10,900: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

13,800: jobs in extractive industries in 20152

32 severe storm, hurricane/tropical storm, and tornado disaster declarations since 19537

15 flooding disaster declarations since 19537

$239 million: NSF grants awarded in Ohio in 201617

$3.5 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in Ohio in 201617

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

Ohio Department of Natural Resources
Division of Geologcial Survey
2045 Morse Rd., Bldg. C-1
Columbus, OH 43229-6693
(614) 265-6576

Workforce in Ohio

  • 10,900: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed) in 20151
  • $72,760: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 13,800: jobs in extractive industries in 20152
  • 34: academic geoscience departments3

Water in Ohio

  • 930 million gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal4
  • 8.5 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal4
  • 1.4 billion gallons/day: public supply water withdrawal4
  • 53 million gallons/day: water withdrawal for irrigation4
  • 490 million gallons/day: self-supplied industrial fresh water withdrawal4
  • 84% of the population is served by public water supplies4
  • 94 USGS stream gages in Ohio5

Energy and Minerals Production in Ohio

  • $1.3 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20166
  • 26 million barrels: crude oil produced in 20152
  • 1 trillion cubic feet: natural gas produced in 20152
  • 22 million short tons: coal produced in 20142
  • 1.2 million megawatt hours: wind power produced in 20152
  • 77,000 megawatt hours: solar power produced in 20152

Natural Hazards in Ohio

FEMA statistics for Ohio

  • 24 severe storm disaster declarations since 19537
  • 2 hurricane/tropical storm disaster declarations since 19537
  • 15 flooding disaster declarations since 19537
  • 6 tornado disaster declarations since 19537
  • $47 million: individual assistance grants since 20057
  • $78 million: mitigation grants since 20057
  • $512 million: preparedness grants since 20057
  • $236 million: public assistance grants since 20057
  • 49 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) 1980-20168

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Geologic Mapping

  • $1.06 billion: total FY 2016USGS budget; 1.6% up from FY 20159
  • The USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP) funds geologic mapping projects by states (STATEMAP) and universities (EDMAP)
  • $2.2 million: Ohio STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)10
  • Ohio universities participated in EDMAP10

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $5.6 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Science budget; 6.6% up from FY 201511
  • $1.9 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Earth Science budget; 7.7% up from FY 201512
  • GRACE satellites measure groundwater changes in all of Ohio13
  • SMAP satellite measures soil moisture in all of Ohio13

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.8 billion: total FY 2016 NOAA budget; 5.9% up from FY 201514
  • GOES satellites provide state-of-the-art weather forecasting over Ohio15
  • DISCOVR satellite monitors radiation and air quality over Ohio15
  • 26 National Weather Service Automated Surface Observing Systems (ASOS) stations in Ohio16
  • 173 National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) sites in Ohio16

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.46 billion: total FY 2016 NSF budget; 1.6% up from FY 201517
  • $1.28 billion: total FY 2016 NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) awards; 1.6% up from FY 201517
  • 543 NSF grants in Ohio totaling $239 million in 201617
  • 27 NSF GEO grants in Ohio totaling $3.5 million in 201617
  • $1.5 million: NSF GEO grants to Ohio State University in 201617

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.14 billion: total FY 2016 EPA budget; 0% up from FY 201518
  • 43 active/proposed superfund sites19
  • $597 million: cumulative federal grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) in Ohio (1997-2016)20
  • $23 million: annual value of federal DWSRF grants in Ohio in 201620

Major Federal Facilities in Ohio

  • USGS Michigan-Ohio Water Science Center - Ohio Office, Columbus
  • NSF Center for Layered Polymeric Systems, Cleveland
  • NSF U.S. Polar Rock Repository at the Byrd Polar Research Center, Columbus
  • NASA Plum Brook Station, Sandusky NASA Safety Center
  • DOE Ohio Field Office, Springdale


1Data Derived from Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics 2015
2DOI U.S. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
3American Geosciences Institute Directory of Geoscience Departments 2016
4USGS Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
5USGS WaterWatch Total Streamgage Stations, March 10, 2017
6USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017
7FEMA Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants, 2016
8NOAA Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Mapping
10USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
11NASA Budget Documents, Strategic Plans and Performance Reports
12American Institute of Physics FY2016 Appropriations
13Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP); Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE), Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM)
14NOAA Total Budget
15Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) & Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR)
16NOAA in Your State
17NSF Budget Internet Information System
18EPA Budget and Spending
19EPA Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live (August 2017)
20EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2017-08-07

Written and compiled by J. Bernau and A. Ackerman for AGI, July 2017

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