Geoscience and Indiana

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What is Geoscience?

Geoscientists study the Earth’s systems—the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Geoscience expertise enables us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: Indiana

$1 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20166

4,800: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

6,500: jobs in extractive industries in 20152

24 severe storm, hurricane/tropical storm, and tornado disaster declarations since 19537

12 flooding disaster declarations since 19537

$155.5 million: NSF grants awarded in 2016 to Indiana17

$3.6 million: NSF GEO grants in 2016 to Indiana17

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

Indiana Geological Survey
611 N. Walnut Grove
Bloomington, IN 47405-2208
(812) 855-7636

Workforce in Indiana

  • 4,800: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed) in 20151
  • $73,600: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 6,500: jobs in extractive industries in 20152
  • 15: academic geoscience departments3

Water in Indiana

  • 720 million gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal4
  • 7.9 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal4
  • 660 million gallons/day: public water supply withdrawal4
  • 140 million gallons/day: water withdrawal for irrigation4
  • 2.2 billion gallons/day: self-supplied industrial fresh water withdrawal4
  • 74% of the population is served by public water supplies4
  • 100 USGS stream gages in Indiana5

Energy and Minerals Production in Indiana

  • $1 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20166
  • 2.2 million barrels: crude oil produced in 20152
  • 7.3 billion cubic feet: natural gas produced in 20152
  • 34 million short tons: coal produced in 20152
  • 4.5 million megawatt hours: wind power produced in 20152
  • 220,000 megawatt hours: solar power produced in 20152

Natural Hazards in Indiana

FEMA statistics for Indiana

  • 24 severe storm disaster declarations since 19537
  • 12 flooding disaster declarations since 19537
  • 4 tornado disaster declarations since 19537
  • $136 million: individual assistance grants since 20057
  • $79 million: mitigation grants since 20057
  • $280 million: preparedness grants since 20057
  • $208 million: public assistance grants since 20057
  • 50 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) 1980-20168

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Geologic Mapping

  • $1.06 billion: total USGS budget; 1.6% up from FY 20159
  • The USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP) funds geologic mapping projects by states (STATEMAP) and universities (EDMAP)
  • $3.6 million: Indiana STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)10
  • Over a third of Indiana mapped though STATEMAP (1993-2009)10
  • Indiana University and Purdue University participated in EDMAP10

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $5.6 billion: total NASA Science budget; 6.6% up from FY 201511
  • $1.9 billion: total NASA Earth Science budget; 7.7% up from FY 201512
  • GRACE satellites measure groundwater changes in all of Indiana13
  • SMAP satellite measures soil moisture in all of Indiana13
  • GPM satellite measures precipitation over all of Indiana13

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.8 billion: total NOAA budget; 5.9% up from FY 201514
  • GOES satellites provide state-of-the-art weather forecasting over Indiana15
  • DISCOVR satellite monitors radiation and air quality over Indiana15
  • 172 National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) sites in Indiana16

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.46 billion: total NSF budget; 1.6% up from FY 201517
  • $1.28 billion: total NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) awards; 1.6% up from FY 201517
  • 487 NSF grants in Indiana totaling $155.5 million in 201617
  • 24 NSF GEO grants in Indiana totaling $3.6 million in 201617
  • $1.5 million: NSF GEO grants to Indiana University in 201617

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.14 billion: total EPA budget; 0% up from FY 201518
  • 40 active/proposed superfund sites19
  • $283.7 million: federal grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) in Indiana (1997-2016)20
  • $13.5 million: annual value of federal DWSRF grants in Indiana in 201620

Major Federal Facilities in Indiana

  • USGS Indiana-Kentucky Water Science Center, Indianapolis
  • NSF Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, Notre Dame

1Data Derived from Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics 2015
2DOI U.S. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
3American Geosciences Institute Directory of Geoscience Departments 2016
4USGS Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
5USGS WaterWatch Total Streamgage Stations, March 10, 2017
6USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017
7FEMA Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants, 2016
8NOAA Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Mapping
10USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
11NASA Budget Documents, Strategic Plans and Performance Reports
12American Institute of Physics FY2016 Appropriations
13Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP); Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE), Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM)
14NOAA Total Budget
15Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) & Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR)
16NOAA in Your State
17NSF Budget Internet Information System
18EPA Budget and Spending
19EPA Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live (August 2017)
20EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2017-08-07

Written and compiled by J. Bernau and A. Ackerman for AGI, July 2017

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