Geoscience and Kentucky

What is Geoscience?

Geoscientists study the Earth’s systems—the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Geoscience expertise enables us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: Kentucky

$525 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167

3,570: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

13,720: jobs in extractive industries in 20152

35 severe storm, hurricane/tropical storm, and tornado disaster declarations since 19538

$31.6 million: NSF grants awarded in Kentucky in 201618

$700,000: NSF GEO grants awarded in Kentucky in 201618

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

Kentucky Geologcial Survey
University of Kentucky
228 Mining and Mineral Resources Building
504 Rose Street
Lexington, KY 40506-0107
http://www.uky.edu/KGS/
(859) 257-5500

Workforce in Kentucky

  • 3,570: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed) in 20151
  • $56,800: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 113,720: jobs in extractive industries in 20152
  • 10: academic geoscience departments3

Water in Kentucky

  • 199 million gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal4
  • 4.1 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal4
  • 572 million gallons/day: public supply water withdrawal4
  • 29 million gallons/day: water withdrawal for irrigation4
  • 228 million gallons/day: self-supplied industrial fresh water withdrawal4
  • 85% of the population is served by public water supplies4
  • 3 counties in 2016 designated as primary natural disaster areas caused by drought5
  • 57 USGS stream gages in Kentucky6

Energy and Minerals Production in Kentucky

  • $525 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167
  • 2.9 million barrels: crude oil produced in 20152
  • 78 billion cubic feet: natural gas produced in 20152
  • 77.3 million short tons: coal produced in 20142
  • 3.4 million megawatt hours: hydroelectricity produced in 20152

Natural Hazards in Kentucky

FEMA statistics for Kentucky

  • 29 severe storm disaster declarations since 19538
  • 1 hurricane/tropical storm disaster declarations since 19538
  • 22 flooding disaster declarations since 19538
  • 5 tornado disaster declarations since 19538
  • 8 fire disaster declarations since 19538
  • $104 million: individual assistance grants since 20058
  • $180 million: mitigation grants since 20058
  • $214 million: preparedness grants since 20058
  • $452 million: public assistance grants since 20058
  • 51 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) 1980-20169

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Geologic Mapping

  • $1.06 billion: total FY 2016 USGS budget; 1.6% up from FY 201510
  • The USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP) funds geologic mapping projects by states (STATEMAP) and universities (EDMAP)
  • $4 million: Kentucky STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)11
  • Over 60 geologic maps in Kentucky created through STATEMAP (1993-2013)11
  • $282,400: Kentucky EDMAP funding (1993-2013)11
  • University of Kentucky, Northern Kentucky University, Eastern Kentucky University and Morehead State University participated in EDMAP11

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $5.6 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Science budget; 6.6% up from FY 201512
  • $1.9 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Earth Science budget; 7.7% up from FY 201513
  • GRACE satellites measure groundwater changes in all of Kentucky14
  • SMAP satellite measures soil moisture in all of Kentucky14

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.8 billion: total FY 2016 NOAA budget; 5.9% up from FY 201515
  • GOES satellites provide state-of-the-art weather forecasting over Arkansas16
  • 9 National Weather Service Automated Surface Observing Systems (ASOS) stations in Kentucky17
  • 149 National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) sites in Kentucky17

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.46 billion: total FY 2016 NSF budget; 1.6% up from FY 201518
  • $1.28 billion: total FY 2016 NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) awards; 1.6% up from FY 201518
  • 137 NSF grants in Kentucky totaling $31.6 million in 201618
  • 5 NSF GEO grants in Kentucky totaling $700,000 in 201618
  • $4.7 million: NSF grants to University of Louisville in 201618
  • $565,000: NSF GEO grants to University of Kentucky in 201618

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.14 billion: total FY 2016 EPA budget; 0% up from FY 201519
  • 13 active/proposed superfund sites20
  • $251.5 million: federal grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) in Kentucky (1997-2016)21
  • $12.9 million: annual value of federal DWSRF grants in Kentucky in 201621

Major Federal Facilities in Kentucky

  • USGS Indiana-Kentucky Water Science Center
  • USGS IN-KY Water Science Center-Murray Field Office
  • USGS IN-KY Water Science Center-Williamsburg Field Office

References

1Data Derived from Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics 2015
2DOI U.S. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
3American Geosciences Institute Directory of Geoscience Departments (2016)
4USGS Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
5USDA Farm Service Agency: Disaster Designation Information, 2015 (2015 Crop Year & 2016 Crop Year)
6USGS WaterWatch Total Streamgage Stations (March 10, 2017)
7USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017
8FEMA Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants (2016)
9NOAA Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Mapping
10DOI Budget and Performance
11USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
12NASA Budget Documents, Strategic Plans and Performance Reports
13American Institute of Physics FY2016 Appropriations
14Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP); Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE); Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM)
15NOAA Total Budget
16Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) & Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR)
17NOAA in Your State
18NSF Budget Internet Information System
19EPA Budget and Spending
20EPA Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live (August 2017)
21EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2017-08-07

Written and compiled by Geoscience Policy Program for AGI, June 2017

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