Geoscience and Maryland

What is Geoscience?

Geoscientists study the Earth’s systems—the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Geoscience expertise enables us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: Maryland

$310 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20166

6,760: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

1,300: jobs in extractive industry in 20152

16 severe storm, hurricane/tropical storm, and tornado disaster declarations since 19537

9 flooding disaster declarations since 19537

$343.5 million: NSF grants awarded in Maryland in 201617

$187.3 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in Maryland in 201617

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

Maryland Geological Survey
2300 St. Paul Street
Baltimore, MD 21218
http://www.mgs.md.gov/
(410) 554-5500

Workforce in Maryland

  • 6,760: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed) in 20151
  • $80,800: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 1,300: jobs in extractive industries in 20152
  • 13: academic geoscience departments3

Water in Maryland

  • 260 million gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal4
  • 7.1 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal4
  • 790 million gallons/day: public water supply withdrawal4
  • 72 million gallons/day: irrigation water withdrawal4
  • 50 million gallons/day: self-supplied industrial fresh water withdrawal4
  • 81% of the population is served by public water supplies4
  • 71 USGS stream gages in Maryland6

Energy and Minerals Production in Maryland

  • $310 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20166
  • 20 million cubic feet: natural gas produced in 20142
  • 2.0 million short tons: coal produced in 20142
  • 433,000 megawatt hours: wind power produced in 20152
  • 1.6 million megawatt hours: hydroelectricity produced in 20152
  • 148,800 megawatt hours: solar power produced in 20152

Natural Hazards in Maryland

FEMA statistics for Maryland

  • 7 severe storm disaster declarations since 19537
  • 8 hurricane/tropical storm disaster declarations since 19537
  • 9 flooding disaster declarations since 19537
  • 1 tornado disaster declarations since 19537
  • $3 million: individual assistance grants since 20057
  • $57 million: mitigation grants since 20057
  • $430 million: preparedness grants since 20057
  • $240 million: public assistance grants since 20057
  • 41 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) 1980-20168

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Geologic Mapping

  • $1.06 billion: total USGS budget; 1.6% up from FY 20159
  • The USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP) funds geologic mapping projects by states (STATEMAP) and universities (EDMAP)
  • $1.1 million: Maryland STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)10
  • Over 25 geologic maps in Maryland created with STATEMAP support (1993-2010)10
  • 1,500 square miles in Maryland mapped through STATEMAP (1993-2010)10

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $5.6 billion: total NASA Science budget; 6.6% up from FY 201511
  • $1.9 billion: total NASA Earth Science budget; 7.7% up from FY 201512
  • GRACE satellites measure groundwater changes in all of Maryland13
  • SMAP satellite measures soil moisture in all of Maryland13
  • GPM satellite measures precipitation over all of Maryland13

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.8 billion: total NOAA budget; 5.9% up from FY 201515
  • GOES satellites provide state-of-the-art weather forecasting over Maryland15
  • DISCOVR satellite monitors radiation and air quality over Maryland15
  • 10 National Weather Service observing stations in Maryland16
  • 35 National Weather Service cooperative observer sites in Maryland16

National Science Foundation

  • $7.46 billion: total NSF budget; 1.6% up from FY 201517
  • $1.28 billion: total NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) budget; 1.6% up from FY 201517
  • 534 NSF grants in Maryland totaling $343.5 million in 201617
  • 69 NSF GEO grants in Maryland totaling $187.3 million in 201617
  • $5 million: NSF GEO grants to University of Maryland College Park in 201617
  • $4 million: NSF GEO grants to Johns Hopkins University in 201617

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.14 billion: total EPA budget; 0% up from FY 201518
  • 21 active/proposed superfund sites19
  • $258.0 million: cumulative federal grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) in Maryland (1997-2016)20
  • $14.1 million: annual value of federal DWSRF grants in Maryland in 201620

Major Federal Facilities in Maryland

  • USGS MD-DE-DC Water Science Center, Catonsville
  • USGS Office of External Research, Baltimore
  • USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel 
  • NOAA GOES-R Program Office, Greenbelt
  • NOAA Satellite Climate Studies Branch, College Park

References

1Data Derived from Bureau of Labor Statistics: Occupational Employment Statistics (2015)
2U.S. DOI U.S. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
3American Geosciences Institute Directory of Geoscience Departments (2016)
4USGS Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
5USGS WaterWatch Total Streamgage Stations (March 10, 2017)
6USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017
7FEMA Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants (2016)
8NOAA Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Mapping
9DOI Budget and Performance
10USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
11NASA Budget Documents, Strategic Plans and Performance Reports
12American Institute of Physics FY2016 Appropriations
13Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP); Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE); Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM);
14NOAA Total Budget
15Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) & Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR)
16NOAA in Your State
17NSF Budget Internet Information System
18EPA Budget and Spending
19EPA Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live (August 2017)
20EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2017-08-07

Written and compiled by Jeremiah Bernau for AGI, April 2017

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