Geoscience and Massachusetts

What is Geoscience?

Geoscientists study the Earth’s systems—the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Geoscience expertise enables us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: Massachusetts

$405 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167

9,980: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

980: jobs in extractive industries in 20152

23 severe storm, hurricane/tropical storm, and tornado disaster declarations since 19538

$447.4 million: NSF grants awarded in Massachusetts in 201618

$91.6 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in Massachusetts in 201618

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

The Massachusetts Geological Survey
Department of Geosciences
269 Morrill Science Center
University of Massachusetts
611 North Pleasant Street
Amherst, MA 01003-9297
http://mgs.geo.umass.edu
(413) 545-4814

Workforce in Massachusetts

  • 9,980: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed) in 20151
  • $84,000: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 980: jobs in extractive industries in 20152
  • 24: academic geoscience departments3

Water in Massachusetts

  • 361 million gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal4
  • 2.6 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal4
  • 679 million gallons/day: public supply water withdrawal4
  • 139 million gallons/day: water withdrawal for irrigation4
  • 16 million gallons/day: self-supplied industrial fresh water withdrawal4
  • 92% of the population is served by public water supplies4
  • 12 counties in 2016 designated as primary natural disaster areas caused by drought5
  • 66 USGS stream gages in Massachusetts6

Energy and Minerals Production in Massachusetts

  • $405 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167
  • 220,000 megawatt hours: wind power produced in 20152
  • 916,000 megawatt hours: hydroelectricity produced in 20152
  • 690,000 megawatt hours: solar power produced in 20152

Natural Hazards in Massachusetts

FEMA statistics for Massachusetts

  • 8 severe storm disaster declarations since 19538
  • 11 flooding disaster declarations since 19538
  • 6 tornado disaster declarations since 19538
  • 1 fire disaster declarations since 19538
  • $157 million: individual assistance grants since 20058
  • $63 million: mitigation grants since 20058
  • $491 million: preparedness grants since 20058
  • $36 million: public assistance grants since 20058
  • 29 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) 1980-20169

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Geologic Mapping

  • $1.06 billion: total FY 2016 USGS budget; 1.6% up from FY 201510
  • The USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP) funds geologic mapping projects by states (STATEMAP) and universities (EDMAP)
  • $1.3 million: Massachusetts STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)11
  • Over 30 geologic maps covering 2,250 square miles in Massachusetts created through STATEMAP (1993-2010)11
  • University of Massachusetts - Amherst and Salem State University participated in EDMAP11

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $5.6 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Science budget; 6.6% up from FY 201512
  • $1.9 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Earth Science budget; 7.7% up from FY 201513
  • GRACE satellites measure groundwater changes in all of Massachusetts14

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.8 billion: total FY 2016 NOAA budget; 5.9% up from FY 201515
  • GOES satellites provide state-of-the-art weather forecasting over Massachusetts16
  • DISCOVR satellite monitors radiation and air quality over Massachusetts16
  • 19 National Weather Service Automated Surface Observing Systems (ASOS) stations in Massachusetts17

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.46 billion: total FY 2016 NSF budget; 1.6% up from FY 201518
  • $1.28 billion: total FY 2016 NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) awards; 1.6% up from FY 201518
  • 1,277 NSF grants and 234 NSF GEO grants in 2016 in Massachusetts18
  • $62 million: NSF GEO grants to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in 201618
  • $8.5 million: NSF GEO grants to Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 201618

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.14 billion: total FY 2016 EPA budget; 0% up from FY 201519
  • 21 active/proposed superfund sites20
  • $510.5 million: federal grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) in Massachusetts (1997-2016)21
  • $15.5 million: annual value of federal DWSRF grants in Massachusetts in 201621

Major Federal Facilities in Massachusetts

  • USGS New England Water Science Center, Northborough
  • USGS Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
  • USGS Northeast Climate Science Center, Amherst
  • NOAA Cooperative Institute for the North Atlantic Region, Woods Hole

References

1Data Derived from Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics 2015
2DOI U.S. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
3American Geosciences Institute Directory of Geoscience Departments (2016)
4USGS Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
5USDA Farm Service Agency: Disaster Designation Information, 2015 (2015 Crop Year & 2016 Crop Year)
6USGS WaterWatch Total Streamgage Stations (March 10, 2017)
7USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017
8FEMA Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants (2016)
9NOAA Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Mapping
10DOI Budget and Performance
11USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
12NASA Budget Documents, Strategic Plans and Performance Reports
13American Institute of Physics FY2016 Appropriations
14Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP); Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE); Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM)
15NOAA Total Budget
16Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) & Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR)
17NOAA in Your State
18NSF Budget Internet Information System
19EPA Budget and Spending
20EPA Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live (August 2017)
21EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2017-08-07

Written and compiled by Geoscience Policy Program for AGI, June 2017

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