Geoscience in Mississippi

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What is Geoscience?

Geoscience is the study of the Earth and the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Understanding the Earth’s surface and subsurface, its resources, history, and hazards allows us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: Mississippi

2,820 geoscience employees (excludes self-employed)1

2.26 billion gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal3

$216 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20174

68 total disaster declarations, including 29 severe storm, 11 tornado, and 10 flood disasters (1953-2017)6

$1.02 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in 201714

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality
Office of Geology 
700 North State Street 
Jackson, MS 39202


Workforce in Mississippi

  • 2,820 geoscience employees (excludes self-employed) in 20171
  • $63,204: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 6 academic geoscience departments2

Water Use in Mississippi

  • 2.26 billion gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal3
  • 429 million gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal3
  • 400 million gallons/day: public supply water withdrawal3
  • 1.77 billion gallons/day: water withdrawal for irrigation3
  • 182 million gallons/day: industrial fresh water withdrawal3
  • 85% of the population is served by public water supplies3

Energy and Minerals Production in Mississippi

  • $216 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20174
  • Sand and gravel (construction), crushed stone, montmorillonite clay: top three nonfuel minerals in order of value produced in 20174
  • 2.87 million short tons: coal produced in 20165
  • 18.1 million barrels: crude oil produced in 20175
  • 88,000 megawatt hours: solar produced in 20175

Natural Hazards in Mississippi

  • 68 total disaster declarations, including 29 severe storm, 11 tornado, and 10 flood disasters (1953-2017)6
  • $1.374 billion: individual assistance grants (2005-2017)6
  • $505 million: mitigation grants (2005-2017)6
  • $332 million: preparedness grants (2005-2017)
  • $3.411 billion: public assistance grants (2005-2017)6
  • 69 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) (1980-2017)7

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

  • $1.15 billion: total USGS budget in FY 2018 (5.8% increase from FY 2017)8
  • The National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program funds geologic mapping projects with federal (FEDMAP), state (STATEMAP), and university (EDMAP) partners
  • $1.88 million: Mississippi STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)9
  • University of Mississippi has participated in EDMAP9
  • USGS streamgages collect real-time or recent streamflow, groundwater, and water-quality data throughout Mississippi

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $20.7 billion: total NASA budget in FY 2018 (5.5% increase from FY 2017)10
  • $1.9 billion: total NASA Earth Science budget in FY 2018 (0% change from FY 2017)10
  • Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites measure groundwater changes in Mississippi
  • Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) satellite measures soil moisture in Mississippi

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.9 billion: total NOAA budget in FY 2018 (4.1% increase from FY 2017)11
  • Next-generation geostationary (GOES) and polar orbiting (JPSS) satellites provide weather forecasting for Mississippi
  • Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR) satellite monitors radiation and air quality over Mississippi
  • 15 National Weather Service Automated Surface Observing Systems (ASOS) stations in Mississippi12
  • 148 National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) sites in Mississippi12

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.8 billion: total NSF budget in FY 2018 (4% increase from FY 2017)13
  • $1.4 billion: total NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) awards in FY 2017 (7.2% increase from FY 2016)14
  • 5 NSF GEO awards in Mississippi totaling $1.02 million in 201714
  • $638,000: NSF GEO grants awarded to University of Southern Mississippi in 201714

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.1 billion: total EPA budget in FY 2018 (0% change from FY 2017)15
  • 9 active Superfund sites in Mississippi in 201816
  • $8.53 million: Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) grants in Mississippi in 201717

Federal Facilities in Mississippi

  • USGS Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, Jackson Office
  • NOAA Southeast Fisheries Science Center, Pascagoula Facility
  • NASA Stennis Space Center, Hancock County
  • USACE Environmental Laboratory, Vicksburg
  • USDA Southern Hardwoods Laboratory, Stoneville


1. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, May 2017
2. American Geosciences Institute, Directory of Geoscience Departments, 53rd Edition (2018)
3. U.S. Geological Survey, Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2015
4. U.S. Geological Survey, Mineral Commodity Summaries 2018
5. U.S. Energy Information Administration
6. FEMA Data Visualization: Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants (accessed May 2, 2018)
7. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, U.S. Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters from 1980 to 2018 (accessed April 6, 2018)
8. U.S. Department of the Interior, FY 2019 Budet in Brief
9. U.S. Geological Survey, National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
10. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, FY 2019 Budget Estimates
11. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, FY 2019 Bluebook
12. NOAA In Your State and Territory
13. U.S. House of Representatives, FY 2018 Omnibus Spending Bill (Division B) – Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2018
14. National Science Foundation, Budget Information System
15. U.S. House of Representatives, FY 2018 Omnibus Spending Bill (Division G) – Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2018
16. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Superfund Sites
17. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2018-09-05

Compiled by the AGI Geoscience Policy program, July 2018

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