Geoscience and Missouri

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What is Geoscience?

Geoscientists study the Earth’s systems—the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Geoscience expertise enables us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: Missouri

$2.5 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20166

5,300: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

3,900: jobs in extractive industries in 20152

60 severe storm, hurricane/tropical storm, flooding, and tornado disaster declarations since 19537

5 Missouri universities participated in EDMAP10

$68.8 million: NSF grants awarded in Missouri in 201617

$2.2 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in Missouri in 201617

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

Missouri Geological Survey
111 Fairgrounds Road, PO Box 250
Rolla, MO 65402-0250
(800) 361-4827


Workforce in Missouri

  • 5,300: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed) in 20151
  • $64,500: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 3,900: jobs in extractive industries in 20152
  • 15: academic geoscience departments3

Water in Missouri

  • 1.8 billion gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal4
  • 6.8 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal4
  • 840 million gallons/day: public supply water withdrawal4
  • 1.4 billion gallons/day: water withdrawal for irrigation4
  • 68 million gallons/day: self-supplied industrial fresh water withdrawal4
  • 85% of the population is served by public water supplies4
  • 91 USGS stream gages in Missouri5

Energy and Minerals Production in Missouri

  • $2.5 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20166
  • 150,000 barrels: crude oil produced in 20152
  • 3 million cubic feet: natural gas produced in 20142
  • 360,000 short tons: coal produced in 20142
  • 1.1 million megawatt hours: wind power produced
    in 20162
  • 960,000 million megawatt hours: hydroelectricity
    produced in 20152

Natural Hazards in Missouri

FEMA statistics for Missouri

  • 33 severe storm disaster declarations since 19537
  • 1 hurricane/tropical storm disaster declarations since 19537
  • 21 flooding disaster declarations since 19537
  • 5 tornado disaster declarations since 19537
  • $93 million: individual assistance grants since 20057
  • $350 million: mitigation grants since 20057
  • $760 million: public assistance grants since 20057
  • 57 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) 1980-20168

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Geologic Mapping

  • $1.06 billion: total FY 2016 USGS budget; 1.6% up from FY 20159
  • The USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP) funds geologic mapping projects by states (STATEMAP) and universities (EDMAP)
  • $3.3 million: Missouri STATEMAP funding (1993-2017)10
  • 233 geologic maps covering a total of 13,500 square miles in Missouri mapped through STATEMAP (1993-2017)10
  • 5 Missouri universities participated in EDMAP10

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $5.6 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Science budget; 6.6% up from FY 201511
  • $1.9 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Earth Science budget; 7.7% up from FY 201512
  • GRACE satellites measure groundwater changes in all of Missouri13
  • SMAP satellite measures soil moisture in all of Missouri13
  • GPM measure precipitation over all of Missouri13

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.8 billion: total FY 2016 NOAA budget; 5.9% up from FY 201514
  • GOES satellites provide state-of-the-art weather forecasting over Missouri15
  • 185 National Weather Service Automated Surface Observing Systems (ASOS) stations in Missouri16
  • 271 National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) sites in Missouri16

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.46 billion: total FY 2016 NSF budget; 1.6% up from FY 201517
  • $1.28 billion: total FY 2016 NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) awards; 1.6% up from FY 201517
  • 250 NSF grants in Missouri totaling $68.8 million in 201617
  • 15 NSF GEO grants in Missouri totaling $2.2 million in 201617
  • $1.4 million: NSF GEO grants to University of Missouri in 201617
  • $575,000: NSF GEO grants to Washington University in 201617

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.14 billion: total FY 2016 EPA budget; 0% up from FY 201518
  • 33 active/proposed superfund sites19
  • $341 million: cumulative federal grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) in Missouri (1997-2016)20
  • $17 million: annual value of federal DWSRF grants in Missouri in 201620

Major Federal Facilities in Missouri

  • USGS National Geospatial Technical Operations Center
  • USGS Columbia Environmental Research Center
  • USGS Missouri Water Science Center
  • NOAA River Forecast Center, Kansas City


1Data Derived from Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics 2015
2DOI U.S. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
3American Geosciences Institute Directory of Geoscience Departments 2016
4USGS Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
5USGS WaterWatch Total Streamgage Stations, March 10, 2017
6USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017
7FEMA Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants, 2016
8NOAA Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Mapping
10USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
11NASA Budget Documents, Strategic Plans and Performance Reports
12American Institute of Physics FY2016 Appropriations
13Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP); Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE), Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM)
14NOAA Total Budget
15Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) & Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR)
16NOAA in Your State
17NSF Budget Internet Information System
18EPA Budget and Spending
19EPA Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live (August 2017)
20EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2017-08-18

Written and compiled by J. Bernau and A. Ackerman for AGI, July 2017

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