Geoscience and New Jersey

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What is Geoscience?

Geoscientists study the Earth’s systems—the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Geoscience expertise enables us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: New Jersey

$333 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20166

9,500: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

1,400: jobs in extractive industries in 20152

26 severe storm, hurricane/tropical storm, and tornado disaster declarations since 19537

1.04 million megawatt hours: solar energy produced in 20162

$163.7 million: NSF grants awarded in New Jersey in 201617

$17.3 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in New Jersey in 201617

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
P. O. Box 420
Trenton, NJ 08625-0420
(609) 292-1185


Workforce in New Jersey

  • 9,500: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed) in 20151
  • $80,450: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 1,400: jobs in extractive industries in 20152
  • 16: academic geoscience departments3

Water in New Jersey

  • 612 million gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal4
  • 5.1 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal4
  • 1.1 billion gallons/day: public supply water withdrawal4
  • 138 million gallons/day: water withdrawal for irrigation4
  • 83 million gallons/day: self-supplied industrial fresh water withdrawal4
  • 89% of the population is served by public water supplies4
  • 79 USGS stream gages in New Jersey5

Energy and Minerals Production in New Jersey

  • $333 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20166
  • 22,000 megawatt hours: wind power produced in 20162
  • 1.04 million megawatt hours: solar power produced in 2016, #5 in the nation2
  • 1 million megawatt hours: other biomass energy produced in 20162

Natural Hazards in New Jersey

FEMA statistics for New Jersey

  • 17 severe storm disaster declarations since 19537
  • 9 hurricane/tropical storm disaster declarations since 19537
  • 8 flooding disaster declarations since 19537
  • 3 fire disaster declarations since 19537
  • $640 million: individual assistance grants since 20057
  • $761 million: mitigation grants since 20057
  • $847 million: preparedness grants since 20057
  • $2.2 billion: public assistance grants since 20057
  • 36 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) 1980-20168

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Geologic Mapping

  • $1.06 billion: total FY 2016USGS budget; 1.6% up from FY 20159
  • The USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP) funds geologic mapping projects by states (STATEMAP) and universities (EDMAP)
  • $2.9 million: New Jersey STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)10
  • 148 geologic maps covering over half of New Jersey created through STATEMAP (1993-2013)10

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $5.6 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Science budget; 6.6% up from FY 201511
  • $1.9 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Earth Science budget; 7.7% up from FY 201512
  • GRACE satellites measure groundwater changes in all of New Jersey13
  • SMAP satellite measures soil moisture in all of New Jersey13
  • GPM satellite measures precipitation in all of New Jersey13

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.8 billion: total FY 2016 NOAA budget; 5.9% up from FY 201514
  • GOES satellites provide state-of-the-art weather forecasting over New Jersey15
  • DISCOVR satellite monitors radiation and air quality over New Jersey15
  • 55 National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) sites in New Jersey16

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.46 billion: total FY 2016 NSF budget; 1.6% up from FY 201517
  • $1.28 billion: total FY 2016 NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) awards; 1.6% up from FY 201517
  • 515 NSF grants in New Jersey totaling $163.7 million in 201617
  • 74 NSF GEO grants in New Jersey totaling $17.3 million in 201617
  • $8.4 million: NSF GEO grants to Princeton University in 201617
  • $5.2 million: NSF GEO grants to Rutgers University-New Brunswick in 201617

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.14 billion: total FY 2016 EPA budget; 0% up from FY 201518
  • 115 active/proposed superfund sites19
  • $466 million: cumulative federal grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) in New Jersey (1997-2016)20
  • $16 million: annual value of federal DWSRF grants in New Jersey in 201620

Major Federal Facilities in New Jersey

  • USGS New Jersey Water Science Center, Lawrenceville
  • DOE Princeton Plasma Physics Lab, Princeton


1Data Derived from Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics 2015
2DOI U.S. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
3American Geosciences Institute Directory of Geoscience Departments 2016
4USGS Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
5USGS WaterWatch Total Streamgage Stations, March 10, 2017
6USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017
7FEMA Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants, 2016
8NOAA Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Mapping
10USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
11NASA Budget Documents, Strategic Plans and Performance Reports
12American Institute of Physics FY2016 Appropriations
13Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP); Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE), Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM)
14NOAA Total Budget
15Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) & Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR)
16NOAA in Your State
17NSF Budget Internet Information System
18EPA Budget and Spending
19EPA Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live (August 2017)
20EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2017-08-21

Written and compiled by J. Bernau and A. Ackerman for AGI, July 2017

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