Geoscience and New York

What is Geoscience?

Geoscientists study the Earth’s systems—the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Geoscience expertise enables us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: New York

$1,770 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167

17,900: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

4,640: jobs in extractive industry in 20152

39 severe storm, hurricane/tropical storm disaster declarations since 19538

$479.8 million: NSF grants awarded in New York in 201618

$57.8 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in New York in 201618

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

New York State Geological Survey
222 Madison Avenue
Albany, NY 12230
(518) 474-1432

Workforce in New York

  • 17,900: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed) in 20151
  • $80,000: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 4,640: jobs in extractive industries in 20152
  • 59: academic geoscience departments3

Water in New York

  • 704 million gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal4
  • 9,870 million gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal4
  • 2,260 million gallons/day: public water supply withdrawal4
  • 70 million gallons/day: irrigation water withdrawal4
  • 352 million gallons/day: self-supplied industrial fresh water withdrawal4
  • 89% of the population is served by public water supplies4
  • 3 counties in 2015, and 29 counties in 2016, designated as primary natural disaster areas caused by drought5
  • 134 USGS stream gages in New York6

Energy and Minerals Production in New York

  • $1,770 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167
  • 0.3 million barrels: crude oil produced in 20152
  • 20 billion cubic feet: natural gas produced in 20142
  • 3,956,421 megawatt hours: wind power produced in 20152
  • 21,102,702 megawatt hours: hydroelectricity produced in 2015, #3 in the nation2
  • 103,000 megawatt hours: solar power produced in 20152
  • 1,703,094 megawatt hours: biomass energy produced in 2015, #4 in the nation2

Hazards in New York

FEMA statistics for New York

  • 27 severe storm disaster declarations since 19538
  • 12 hurricane/tropical storm disaster declarations since 19538
  • 23 flooding disaster declarations since 19538
  • 2 fire disaster declarations since 19538
  • 1 earthquake disaster declarations since 19538
  • $1,249 million: individual assistance grants since 20058
  • $2,536 million: mitigation grants since 20058
  • $4,285 million: preparedness grants since 20058
  • $14,497 million: public assistance grants since 20058
  • 48 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) 1980-20169

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Geologic Mapping

  • $1.06 billion: total USGS budget; 1.6% up from FY 201510
  • The USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP) funds geologic mapping projects by states (STATEMAP) and universities (EDMAP)
  • $2,112,836: New York STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)11
  • Over 20 New York counties mapped or partially mapped with STATEMAP funds (1993-2013)11
  • 91 geologic maps in New York created with STATEMAP support (1993-2013)11
  • 3,700 square miles in New York mapped through STATEMAP (1993-2013)11
  • 7 New York universities participated in EDMAP11
  • State University of New York - Albany, Oneonta, Brockport, & Buffalo, University of Rochester participated in EDMAP11

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $5.6 billion: total NASA Science budget; 6.6% up from FY 201512
  • $1.9 billion: total NASA Earth Science budget; 7.7% up from FY 201513
  • GRACE satellites measure groundwater changes in all of New York14
  • SMAP satellite measures soil moisture in all of New York14
  • PACE satellite measures cloud coverage over all of New York14
  • GPM satellite measures precipitation over all of New York14

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.8 billion: total NOAA budget; 5.9% up from FY 201515
  • GOES satellites provide state-of-the-art weather forecasting over New York16
  • DISCOVR satellite monitors radiation and air quality over New York16
  • 29 National Weather Service observing stations in New York17
  • 208 National Weather Service cooperative observer sites in New York17

National Science Foundation

  • $7.46 billion: total NSF budget; 1.6% up from FY 201518
  • $1.28 billion: total NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) budget; 1.6% up from FY 201518
  • 1519 NSF grants in New York totaling $479.8 million in 201618
  • 146 NSF GEO grants in New York totaling $57.8 million in 201618
  • $38 million: NSF GEO grants to Columbia University in 201618
  • $3.5 million: NSF GEO grants to SUNY at Stony Brook in 201618

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.14 billion: total EPA budget; 0% up from FY 201519
  • 119 active/proposed superfund sites20
  • $1,183.7 million: cumulative federal grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) in New York (1997-2016)21
  • $39.9 million: annual value of federal DWSRF grants in New York in 201621

Major Federal Facilities in New York

  • USGS New York Water Science Center, Troy
  • NSF BioXFEL (Biology w/X-Ray Free Electron Lasers), Buffalo
  • NOAA Cooperative Institute for Limnology and Ecosystems Research, Stony Brook
  • NOAA Center for Atmospheric Sciences, Albany
  • NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York
  • DOE Brookhaven National Lab, Upton


1Data Derived from Bureau of Labor Statistics: Occupational Employment Statistics (2015)
2U.S. DOI U.S. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
3American Geosciences Institute Directory of Geoscience Departments (2016)
4USGS Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
5USDA Farm Service Agency: Disaster Designation Information, 2015 (2015 Crop Year & 2016 Crop Year)
6USGS WaterWatch Total Streamgage Stations (March 10, 2017)
7USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017
8FEMA Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants (2016)
9NOAA Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Mapping
10DOI Budget and Performance
11USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
12NASA Budget Documents, Strategic Plans and Performance Reports
13American Institute of Physics FY2016 Appropriations
14Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP); Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE); Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM);
15NOAA Total Budget
16Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) & Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR)
17NOAA in Your State
18NSF Budget Internet Information System
19EPA Budget and Spending
20EPA Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live (March 2017)
21EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2017-04-14

Written and compiled by Jeremiah Bernau for AGI, April 2017

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