Geoscience and Oregon

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What is Geoscience?

Geoscientists study the Earth’s systems—the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Geoscience expertise enables us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: Oregon

$507 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167

5,320: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

1,700: jobs in extractive industry in 20152

14 flooding disaster declarations since 19538

$89.6 million: NSF grants awarded in Oregon in 201618

$26.6 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in Oregon in 201618

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries
800 NE Oregon Street, Suite 965
Portland, OR 97232-2162
(971) 673-1555

Workforce in Oregon

  • 5,320: geoscience employees (non-federal/selfemployed) in 20151
  • $76,280: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 1,700: jobs in extractive industries in 20152
  • 14: academic geoscience departments3

Water in Oregon

  • 2.1 billion gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal4
  • 4.6 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal4
  • 534 million gallons/day: public water supply withdrawal4
  • 5.3 billion gallons/day: irrigation water withdrawal4
  • 126 million gallons/day: self-supplied industrial fresh water withdrawal4
  • 84% of the population is served by public water supplies4
  • 34 counties in 2015, and 9 counties in 2016, designated as primary natural disaster areas caused by drought5
  • 136 USGS stream gages in Oregon6

Energy and Minerals Production in Oregon

  • $507 million: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167
  • 950 million cubic feet: natural gas produced in 20142
  • 6.7 million megawatt hours: wind power produced in 20152
  • 32.3 million megawatt hours: hydroelectricity produced in 2015, #2 in the nation2
  • 33,000 megawatt hours: solar power produced in 20152
  • 181,276 megawatt hours of geothermal energy produced in 2015, #5 in the nation2

Natural Hazards in Oregon

FEMA statistics for Oregon

  • 13 severe storm disaster declarations since 19538
  • 14 flooding disaster declarations since 19538
  • 40 fire disaster declarations since 19538
  • 2 earthquake disaster declarations since 19538
  • $6 million: individual assistance grants since 20058
  • $105 million: mitigation grants since 20058
  • $248 million: preparedness grants since 20058
  • $132 million: public assistance grants since 20058
  • 25 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) 1980-20169

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Geologic Mapping

  • $1.06 billion: total USGS budget; 1.6% up from FY 201510
  • The USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP) funds geologic mapping projects by states (STATEMAP) and universities (EDMAP)
  • $3.96 million: Oregon STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)11
  • All Oregon counties mapped or partially mapped with STATEMAP funds (1993-2010)11
  • Portland State University, University of Oregon, Oregon State University participated in EDMAP11

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $5.6 billion: total NASA Science budget; 6.6% up from FY 201512
  • $1.9 billion: total NASA Earth Science budget; 7.7% up from FY 201513
  • GRACE satellites measure groundwater changes in all of Oregon14
  • SMAP satellite measures soil moisture in all of Oregon14

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.8 billion: total NOAA budget; 5.9% up from FY 201515
  • GOES satellites provide state-of-the-art weather forecasting over Oregon16
  • DISCOVR satellite monitors radiation and air quality over Oregon16
  • 22 National Weather Service observing stations in Oregon17
  • 272 National Weather Service cooperative observer sites in Oregon17

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.46 billion: total NSF budget; 1.6% up from FY 201518
  • $1.28 billion: total NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) budget; 1.6% up from FY 201518
  • 331 NSF grants in Oregon totaling $89.6 million in 201618
  • 96 NSF GEO grants in Oregon totaling $26.6 million in 201618
  • $19.7 million: NSF GEO grants to Oregon State University in 201618

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.14 billion: total EPA budget; 0% up from FY 201519
  • 14 active/proposed superfund sites20
  • $274.6 million: cumulative federal grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) in Oregon (1997-2016)21
  • $11.8 million: annual value of federal DWSRF grants in Oregon in 201621

Major Federal Facilities in Oregon

  • USGS Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center, Corvallis
  • USGS Oregon Water Science Center, Portland
  • USGS Klamath Falls Field Station, Klamath Falls
  • USGS Central Point Field Office, Central Point
  • NOAA Center for Coastal Margin Observation & Prediction, Portland
  • DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory, Albany
  • DOE Bonneville Power Administration, Portland


1Data Derived from Bureau of Labor Statistics: Occupational Employment Statistics (2015)
2U.S. DOI U.S. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
3American Geosciences Institute Directory of Geoscience Departments (2016)
4USGS Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
5USDA Farm Service Agency: Disaster Designation Information, 2015 (2015 Crop Year & 2016 Crop Year)
6USGS WaterWatch Total Streamgage Stations (March 10, 2017)
7USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017
8FEMA Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants (2016)
9NOAA Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Mapping
10DOI Budget and Performance
11USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
12NASA Budget Documents, Strategic Plans and Performance Reports
13American Institute of Physics FY2016 Appropriations
14Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP); Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE); Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM);
15NOAA Total Budget
16Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) & Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR)
17NOAA in Your State
18NSF Budget Internet Information System
19EPA Budget and Spending
20EPA Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live (August 2017)
21EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2017-08-07

Written and compiled by Jeremiah Bernau for AGI, April 2017

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