Geoscience and Pennsylvania

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What is Geoscience?

Geoscientists study the Earth’s systems—the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Geoscience expertise enables us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: Pennsylvania

$1.8 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167

17,270: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

33,000: jobs in extractive industry in 20152

26 flooding disaster declarations since 19538

$275.3 million: NSF grants awarded in Pennsylvania in 201618

$11.3 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in Pennsylvania in 201618

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

Pennsylvania DCNR: Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey
3240 Schoolhouse Road
Middletown, Pa., 17057–3534
(717) 702-2017

Workforce in Pennsylvania

  • 17,270: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed) in 20151
  • $77,600: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 33,000: jobs in extractive industries in 20152
  • 47: academic geoscience departments3

Water in Pennsylvania

  • 657 million gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal4
  • 7.5 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal4
  • 1.4 billion gallons/day: public water supply withdrawal4
  • 27 million gallons/day: irrigation water withdrawal4
  • 866 million gallons/day: self-supplied industrial fresh water withdrawal4
  • 74% of the population is served by public water supplies4
  • 10 counties in 2016 designated as primary natural disaster areas caused by drought5
  • 191 USGS stream gages in Pennsylvania6

Energy and Minerals Production in Pennsylvania

  • $1.8 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167
  • 7.0 million barrels: crude oil produced in 20152
  • 4.8 trillion cubic feet: natural gas produced in 2015, #2 in the nation2
  • 60.9 million short tons: coal produced in 20142
  • 3.35 million megawatt hours: wind power produced in 20152
  • 2 million megawatt hours of other biomass energy produced in Pennsylvania in 2015, #3 in the nation2

Natural Hazards in Pennsylvania

FEMA statistics for Pennsylvania

  • 16 severe storm disaster declarations since 19538
  • 8 hurricane/tropical storm disaster declarations since 19538
  • 26 flooding disaster declarations since 19538
  • 2 tornado disaster declarations since 19538
  • $170 million: individual assistance grants since 20058
  • $137 million: mitigation grants since 20058
  • $840 million: preparedness grants since 20058
  • $394 million: public assistance grants since 20058
  • 49 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) 1980-20169

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Geologic Mapping

  • $1.06 billion: total USGS budget; 1.6% up from FY 201510
  • The USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP) funds geologic mapping projects by states (STATEMAP) and universities (EDMAP)
  • $2.8 million: Pennsylvania STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)11
  • 160 geologic maps in Pennsylvania created with STATEMAP support (1993-2009)11
  • 11,000 square miles in Pennsylvania mapped through STATEMAP (1993-2009)11

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $5.6 billion: total NASA Science budget; 6.6% up from FY 201512
  • $1.9 billion: total NASA Earth Science budget; 7.7% up from FY 201513
  • GRACE satellites measure groundwater changes in all of Pennsylvania14
  • SMAP satellite measures soil moisture in all of Pennsylvania14

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.8 billion: total NOAA budget; 5.9% up from FY 201515
  • GOES satellites provide state-of-the-art weather forecasting over Pennsylvania16
  • DISCOVR satellite monitors radiation and air quality over Pennsylvania16
  • 24 National Weather Service observing stations in Pennsylvania17
  • 214 National Weather Service cooperative observer sites in Pennsylvania17

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.46 billion: total NSF budget; 1.6% up from FY 201518
  • $1.28 billion: total NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) budget; 1.6% up from FY 201518
  • 1025 NSF grants in Pennsylvania totaling $275.3 million in 201618
  • 62 NSF GEO grants in Pennsylvania totaling $11.3 million in 201618
  • $7.3 million: NSF GEO grants to Pennsylvania State - University Park in 201618
  • $1.3 million: NSF GEO grants to Temple University in 201618

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.14 billion: total EPA budget; 0% up from FY 201519
  • 97 active/proposed superfund sites20
  • $614.6 million: cumulative federal grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) in Pennsylvania (1997-2016)21
  • $26.6 million: annual value of federal DWSRF grants in Pennsylvania in 201621

Major Federal Facilities in Pennsylvania

  • USGS Pennsylvania Water Science Center, New Cumberland
  • DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh


1Data Derived from Bureau of Labor Statistics: Occupational Employment Statistics (2015)
2U.S. DOI U.S. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
3American Geosciences Institute Directory of Geoscience Departments (2016)
4USGS Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
5USDA Farm Service Agency: Disaster Designation Information, 2015 (2016 Crop Year)
6USGS WaterWatch Total Streamgage Stations (March 10, 2017)
7USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017
8FEMA Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants (2016)
9NOAA Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Mapping
10DOI Budget and Performance
11USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
12NASA Budget Documents, Strategic Plans and Performance Reports
13American Institute of Physics FY2016 Appropriations
14Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP); Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE); Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM);
15NOAA Total Budget
16Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) & Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR)
17NOAA in Your State
18NSF Budget Internet Information System
19EPA Budget and Spending
20EPA Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live (August 2017)
21EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2017-08-07

Written and compiled by Jeremiah Bernau for AGI, April 2017

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