Geoscience and Wisconsin

What is Geoscience?

Geoscientists study the Earth’s systems—the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Geoscience expertise enables us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: Wisconsin

$1.7 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20166

5,600: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

3,400: jobs in extractive industries in 20152

26 severe storm, hurricane/tropical storm, and tornado disaster declarations since 19537

$113 million: NSF grants awarded in Wisconsin in 201617

$18.8 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in Wisconsin in 201617

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey
3817 Mineral Point Road
Madison, WI 53705-5100
http://wgnhs.uwex.edu/
(608) 262-1705

Workforce in Wisconsin

  • 5,600: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed) in 20151
  • $68,300: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 3,400: jobs in extractive industries in 20152
  • 23: academic geoscience departments3

Water in Wisconsin

  • 754 million gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal4
  • 5.4 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal4
  • 481 million gallons/day: public supply water withdrawal4
  • 379 million gallons/day: water withdrawal for irrigation4
  • 436 million gallons/day: self-supplied industrial fresh water withdrawal4
  • 71% of the population is served by public water supplies4
  • 67 USGS stream gages in Wisconsin5

Energy and Minerals Production in Wisconsin

  • $1.7 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20166
  • 1.6 million megawatt hours: wind power produced in 20152
  • 2.3 million megawatt hours: hydroelectricity produced in 20152
  • 1 million megawatt hours: wood-derived fuel energy produced in 20152

Natural Hazards in Wisconsin

FEMA statistics for Wisconsin

  • 19 severe storm disaster declarations since 19537
  • 1 hurricane/tropical storm disaster declarations since 19537
  • 15 flooding disaster declarations since 19537
  • 6 tornado disaster declarations since 19537
  • $127 million: individual assistance grants since 20057
  • $64 million: mitigation grants since 20057
  • $243 million: preparedness grants since 20057
  • $112 million: public assistance grants since 20057
  • 26 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) 1980-20168

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Geologic Mapping

  • $1.06 billion: total FY 2016 USGS budget; 1.6% up from FY 20159
  • The USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP) funds geologic mapping projects by states (STATEMAP) and universities (EDMAP)
  • $3.4 million: Wisconsin STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)10
  • 42 Wisconsin counties mapped or partially mapped through STATEMAP (1993-2013)10
  • University of Wisconsin - Madison and Eau Claire participated in EDMAP10

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $5.6 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Science budget; 6.6% up from FY 201511
  • $1.9 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Earth Science budget; 7.7% up from FY 201512
  • GRACE satellites measure groundwater changes in all of Wisconsin13
  • SMAP satellite measures soil moisture in all of Wisconsin13

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.8 billion: total FY 2016 NOAA budget; 5.9% up from FY 201514
  • GOES satellites provide state-of-the-art weather forecasting over Wisconsin15
  • DISCOVR satellite monitors radiation and air quality over Wisconsin15
  • 18 National Weather Service Automated Surface Observing Systems (ASOS)stations in Wisconsin16
  • 249 National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) sites in Wisconsin16

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.46 billion: total FY 2016 NSF budget; 1.6% up from FY 201517
  • $1.28 billion: total FY 2016 NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) awards; 1.6% up from FY 201517
  • 352 NSF grants in Wisconsin totaling $113 million in 201617
  • 56 NSF GEO grants in Wisconsin totaling $18.8 million in 201617
  • $17.3 million: NSF GEO grants to the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 201617

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.14 billion: total FY 2016 EPA budget; 0% up from FY 201518
  • 38 active/proposed superfund sites19
  • $365 million: federal grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) in Wisconsin(1997-2016)20
  • $14.5 million: annual value of federal DWSRF grants in Wisconsin in 201620

Major Federal Facilities in Wisconsin

  • USGS Wisconsin Water Science Center, Middleton
  • USGS Laboratory for Infectious Diseases and the Environment, Marshfield
  • USGS National Wildlife Health Center, Madison
  • NOAA Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies, Madison

References

1Data Derived from Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics 2015
2DOI U.S. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
3American Geosciences Institute Directory of Geoscience Departments 2016
4USGS Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
5USGS WaterWatch Total Streamgage Stations, March 10, 2017
6USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017
7FEMA Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants, 2016
8NOAA Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Mapping
9DOI www.doi.gov/budget
10USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
11NASA Budget Documents, Strategic Plans and Performance Reports
12American Institute of Physics FY2016 Appropriations
13Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP); Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE), Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM)
14NOAA Total Budget
15Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) & Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR)
16NOAA in Your State
17NSF Budget Internet Information System
18EPA Budget and Spending
19EPA Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live (August 2017)
20EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2017-08-07

Written and compiled by Geoscience Policy Program for AGI, June 2017

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