How do geologists find mineral deposits, and what happens after the mines close? What is a critical metal, and where are the deepest mines on earth? Find out how we mine and process minerals above and below ground in our mining fact sheet.
Known as the 'father of English geology', William Smith worked as a surveyor, building canals and draining marshes in England during the Industrial Revolution. Although his humble background was not typical for a scientists of his day, he is now famous for revolutionising the study of geological time, stratigraphy, and creating the world's first geological map of a nation. Find out how he created his famous 1815 geological map in our factsheet.
Fresh water is needed for every part of our lives, but access to clean water is becoming increasingly difficult for millions worldwide, and responsible management of water resources is more important than ever. Find out more in our water resources factsheet.
Have you ever noticed that tap water tastes different depending on where you are? Have you ever seen a white coating inside your kettle or the shower head, or found that the shower gel won't lather up? All these effects are caused by differences in the 'hardness' of the water. This factsheet was written for teachers and a general audience as part of the BBC ‘Terrific Scientific’ schools initiative.
What is a volcano? Where are they and why are they there? This fact sheet, produced for a broad general audience, gives an overview of significant eruptions and the volcanic products that can cause such devastation.
Supplying drinking water to every tap in the UK is a huge challenge. Water hidden underground, or groundwater, is a vital part of this process in many regions, but can also cause flooding. Find out more in our fact sheet.
How many types of flood are there? Why does flooding happen, and how can we protect ourselves? This fact sheet, produced for a broad general audience, gives an overview of flooding categories, and how we can mitigate their effects.