Geoscience and Georgia

What is Geoscience?

Geoscientists study the Earth’s systems—the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Geoscience expertise enables us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: Georgia

$1.8 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167

8,400: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

4,800: jobs in extractive industries in 20152

34 severe storm, hurricane/tropical storm, and tornado disaster declarations since 19538

$138.6 million: NSF grants awarded in Georgia in 201618

$8.6 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in Georgia in 201618

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

Georgia Environmental Protection Division
2 Martin Luther King Jr. Drive
Suite 1456, East Tower
Atlanta, GA 30334
https://epd.georgia.gov/
(404) 657-5947

Workforce in Georgia

  • 8,400: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed) in 20151
  • $65,500: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 4,800: jobs in extractive industries in 20152
  • 23: academic geoscience departments3

Water in Georgia

  • 1.2 billion gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal4
  • 3.5 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal4
  • 1.1 billion gallons/day: public supply water withdrawal4
  • 840 million gallons/day: water withdrawal for irrigation4
  • 84% of the population is served by public water supplies4
  • 122 counties in 2016 designated as primary natural disaster areas caused by drought5
  • 100 USGS stream gages in Georgia5

Energy and Minerals Production in Georgia

  • $1.8 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20166
  • 3 million megawatt hours: hydroelectricity produced in 20152
  • 153,000 megawatt hours: solar power produced in 20152
  • 4 million megawatt hours: wood-derived fuel produced in 2015, #2 in the nation2

Natural Hazards in Georgia

FEMA statistics for Georgia

  • 14 severe storm disaster declarations since 19538
  • 8 hurricane/tropical storm disaster declarations since 19538
  • 9 flooding disaster declarations since 19538
  • 12 tornado disaster declarations since 19538
  • 11 fire disaster declarations since 19538
  • $80 million: individual assistance grants since 20058
  • $147 million: mitigation grants since 20058
  • $502 million: preparedness grants since 20058
  • $253 million: public assistance grants since 20058
  • 65 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) 1980-20169

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Geologic Mapping

  • $1.06 billion: total FY 2016 USGS budget; 1.6% up from FY 201510
  • The USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP) funds geologic mapping projects by states (STATEMAP) and universities (EDMAP)
  • $950,000: Georgia STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)11
  • Over 40 geologic maps covering 2,800 square miles in Georgia created through STATEMAP (1993-2009)11
  • University of Georgia and Columbus State University participated in EDMAP11

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $5.6 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Science budget; 6.6% up from FY 201512
  • $1.9 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Earth Science budget; 7.7% up from FY 201513
  • GRACE satellites measure groundwater changes in all of Georgia14
  • SMAP satellite measures soil moisture in all of Georgia14

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.8 billion: total FY 2016 NOAA budget; 5.9% up from FY 201515
  • GOES satellites provide state-of-the-art weather forecasting over Georgia16
  • 17 National Weather Service Automated Surface Observing Systems (ASOS) stations in Georgia17
  • 153 National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) sites in Georgia17

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.46 billion: total FY 2016 NSF budget; 1.6% up from FY 201518
  • $1.28 billion: total FY 2016 NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) awards; 1.6% up from FY 201518
  • 548 NSF grants in Georgia totaling $138.6 million in 201618
  • 35 NSF GEO grants in Georgia totaling $8.6 million in 201618
  • $4.6 million: NSF GEO grants to University of Georgia in 201618

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.14 billion: total FY 2016 EPA budget; 0% up from FY 201519
  • 17 active/proposed superfund sites20
  • $422.7 million: federal grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) in Georgia (1997-2016)21
  • $18.1 million: annual value of federal DWSRF grants in Georgia in 201621

Major Federal Facilities in Georgia

  • USGS South Atlantic Water Science Center, Norcross, Savannah and Tifton
  • USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Athens
  • NOAA Living Marine Resources Cooperative Science Center, Savannah 

References

1Data Derived from Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics 2015
2DOI U.S. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
3American Geosciences Institute Directory of Geoscience Departments (2016)
4USGS Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
5USDA Farm Service Agency: Disaster Designation Information, 2015 (2015 Crop Year & 2016 Crop Year)
6USGS WaterWatch Total Streamgage Stations (March 10, 2017)
7USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017
8FEMA Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants (2016)
9NOAA Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Mapping
10DOI Budget and Performance
11USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
12NASA Budget Documents, Strategic Plans and Performance Reports
13American Institute of Physics FY2016 Appropriations
14Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP); Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE); Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM)
15NOAA Total Budget
16Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) & Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR)
17NOAA in Your State
18NSF Budget Internet Information System
19EPA Budget and Spending
20EPA Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live (August 2017)
21EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2017-08-04

Written and compiled by Geoscience Policy Program for AGI, June 2017

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
You are free to share or distribute this material for non-commercial purposes as long as it retains this licensing information, and attribution is given to the American Geosciences Institute.