Geoscience and North Carolina

What is Geoscience?

Geoscientists study the Earth’s systems—the complex geologic, marine, atmospheric, and hydrologic processes that sustain life and the economy. Geoscience expertise enables us to develop solutions to critical economic, environmental, health, and safety challenges.

By the numbers: North Carolina

$1.2 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167

11,000: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed)1

2,800: jobs in extractive industries in 20152

37 severe storm, hurricane/tropical storm, and tornado disaster declarations since 19538

8 flooding disaster declarations since 19538

$203 million: NSF grants awarded in North Carolina in 201618

$14 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in North Carolina in 201618

Your State Source for Geoscience Information

North Carolina Geologcial Survey
512 North Salisbury Street
Raleigh, NC 27604-7687
http://deq.nc.gov/about/divisions/energy-mineral-land-resources/north-carolina-geological-survey
(919) 707-9210

Workforce in North Carolina

  • 11,000: geoscience employees (non-federal/self-employed) in 20151
  • $66,550: average median geoscience employee salary1
  • 2,800: jobs in extractive industries in 20152
  • 22: academic geoscience departments3

Water in North Carolina

  • 694 million gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal4
  • 12 billion gallons/day: total surface water withdrawal4
  • 960 million gallons/day: public supply water withdrawal4
  • 367 million gallons/day: water withdrawal for irrigation4
  • 271 million gallons/day: self-supplied industrial fresh water withdrawal4
  • 65% of the population is served by public water supplies4
  • 10 counties in 2015, and 19 counties in 2016, designated as primary natural disaster areas caused by drought5
  • 17 USGS stream gages in North Carolina6

Energy and Minerals Production in North Carolina

  • $1.2 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20167
  • 4.9 million megawatt hours: hydroelectricity produced in 20152
  • 1.8 million megawatt hours: solar power produced in 20152

Natural Hazards in North Carolina

FEMA statistics for North Carolina

  • 8 severe storm disaster declarations since 19538
  • 25 hurricane/tropical storm disaster declarations since 19538
  • 8 flooding disaster declarations since 19538
  • 4 tornado disaster declarations since 19538
  • 4 fire disaster declarations since 19538
  • $134 million: individual assistance grants since 20058
  • $119 million: mitigation grants since 20058
  • $349 million: preparedness grants since 20058
  • $216 million: public assistance grants since 20058
  • 61 weather and/or climate events, each with costs exceeding $1 billion (inflation adjusted) 1980-20169

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Geologic Mapping

  • $1.06 billion: total FY 2016 USGS budget; 1.6% up from FY 201510
  • The USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program (NCGMP) funds geologic mapping projects by states (STATEMAP) and universities (EDMAP)
  • $3.5 million: North Carolina STATEMAP funding (1993-2016)11
  • 7,000 square miles in North Carolina mapped through STATEMAP (1993-2010)11
  • 7 North Carolina universities participated in EDMAP11

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • $5.6 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Science budget; 6.6% up from FY 201512
  • $1.9 billion: total FY 2016 NASA Earth Science budget; 7.7% up from FY 201513
  • GRACE satellites measure groundwater changes in all of North Carolina14

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • $5.8 billion: total FY 2016 NOAA budget; 5.9% up from FY 201515
  • GOES satellites provide state-of-the-art weather forecasting over North Carolina16
  • DISCOVR satellite monitors radiation and air quality over North Carolina16
  • 24 National Weather Service Automated Surface Observing Systems (ASOS) stations in North Carolina17
  • 199 National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) sites in North Carolina17

National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • $7.46 billion: total FY 2016 NSF budget; 1.6% up from FY 201518
  • $1.28 billion: total FY 2016 NSF Geosciences Directorate (GEO) awards; 1.6% up from FY 201518
  • 638 NSF grants in North Carolina totaling $203 million in 201618
  • 47 NSF GEO grants in North Carolina totaling $14.6 million in 201618
  • $4.6 million: NSF GEO grants to University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 201618

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • $8.14 billion: total FY 2016 EPA budget; 0% up from FY 201519
  • 39 active/proposed superfund sites20
  • $494.2 million: federal grants for Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) in North Carolina (1997-2016)21
  • $19.4 million: annual value of federal DWSRF grants in North Carolina in 201621

Major Federal Facilities in North Carolina

  • USGS South Atlantic Water Science Center, Raleigh, Asheville and Charlotte
  • USGS Southeast Climate Science Center, Raleigh
  • NOAA Center for Coastal Fisheries and Habitat Research, Beaufort

References

1Data Derived from Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics 2015
2DOI U.S. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
3American Geosciences Institute Directory of Geoscience Departments (2016)
4USGS Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010
5USDA Farm Service Agency: Disaster Designation Information, 2015 (2015 Crop Year & 2016 Crop Year)
6USGS WaterWatch Total Streamgage Stations (March 10, 2017)
7USGS Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017
8FEMA Summary of Disaster Declarations and Grants (2016)
9NOAA Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Mapping
10DOI Budget and Performance
11USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program
12NASA Budget Documents, Strategic Plans and Performance Reports
13American Institute of Physics FY2016 Appropriations
14Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP); Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE); Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM)
15NOAA Total Budget
16Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) & Deep Space Climate Observatory (DISCOVR)
17NOAA in Your State
18NSF Budget Internet Information System
19EPA Budget and Spending
20EPA Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live (August 2017)
21EPA Drinking Water State Revolving Fund National Information Management System Reports

Date updated: 2017-08-07

Written and compiled by Geoscience Policy Program for AGI, June 2017

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