Solar Energy

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Solar energy is energy from the Sun, which can be harnessed in several ways. Solar panels use the photovoltaic effect to generate electricity directly from sunlight. The Sun’s heat can be used directly to heat water or air, or it can be concentrated to boil water, driving steam turbines that generate electricity.

Basics

Photo of a 600 kW solar electric system on the Minneapolis Convention Center

Solar energy is energy from the Sun, which can be harnessed in several ways. Solar panels use the photovoltaic effect to generate electricity directly from sunlight. The Sun’s heat can be used directly to heat water or air, or it can be concentrated to boil water, driving steam turbines that generate electricity. Solar energy is a form of renewable energy.
Solar power generation is most effective in places that have a lot of direct sunlight throughout the year. Low-latitude, desert areas are ideal, such as southern California, Arizona, and Nevada. However, most areas of the United States are sunny enough to use solar energy to some extent. Solar energy is only available when the sun is shining, so even in the sunniest places, nighttime energy needs must be provided by other energy sources. Scientists and engineers are working to develop advanced batteries to store energy generated from solar power and therefore make solar energy usable 24 hours a day.   Read more

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Geological Surveys Database Publications

1913, Michigan Geological Survey

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1929, Ohio Geological Survey

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1964, West Virginia Geological & Economic Survey
This is a review of the history, present and potential resources, and production of oil and gas in West Virginia.
1964, Michigan Geological Survey

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1969, Wisconsin Geological & Natural History Survey

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1971, Wisconsin Geological & Natural History Survey

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1971, Wisconsin Geological & Natural History Survey

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1972, Oklahoma Geological Survey

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1972, Oklahoma Geological Survey

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1973, Pennsylvania Geological Survey

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