Geoscience in Your State: Arizona

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Cover of Geoscience Policy State Factsheet. Image credit: AGI

By the numbers: Arizona

  • 6,703 geoscience employees (excludes self-employed)1
  • 2.76 billion gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal3
  • $6.61 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20174
  • 65 total disaster declarations, including 39 fire, 13 flood, and 10 severe storm disasters (1953-2017)6
  • $12.8 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in 2017...

Agencies Working on Geoscience Issues in arizona

Arizona Department of Environmental Quality

The mission of the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality is to protect and enhance public health and the environment in Arizona. To achieve this, they administer the state’s environmental laws and delegated federal programs to prevent air, water and land pollution and ensure cleanup.

Arizona Department of Water Resources
The Arizona Department of Water Resources (ADWR) was created to secure long-term dependable water supplies for Arizona's communities. The Department administers and enforces Arizona’s groundwater code, and surface water rights laws (except those related to water quality); negotiates with external political entities to protect Arizona's Colorado River water supply; oversees the use of surface and groundwater resources under state jurisdiction; and represents Arizona in discussions of water rights with the federal government. In addition, the Department explores methods of augmenting water supplies to meet future demands, and develops policies that promote conservation and equitable distribution of water. The Department also inspects dams and participates in flood control planning to prevent property damage, personal injury, and loss of life. In support of these activities, ADWR collects and analyzes data on water levels and on water-quality characteristics.  Other responsibilities include management of floodplains and non-federal dams to reduce loss of life and damage to property.
Arizona Division of Emergency Management

The Arizona Division of Emergency Management (within the Department of Emergency and Military Affairs) coordinates the State of Arizona’s emergency preparedness, response and recovery efforts in order to reduce the impact of emergencies and disaster on people and property in the Whole Community.

Arizona Geological Survey

The mission of the Arizona Geological Survey is to serve as a primary source of geologic information in the state to enhance public understanding of the state's geologic character, geologic hazards and limitations and mineral resources.

Arizona Oil and Gas Conservation Commission

Case Studies & Factsheets

Screenshot of the USEITI case studies showing the Greenlee County case study highlighted

The U.S. Department of the Interior's Office of Natural Resources Revenue, Information and Data Management has produced a series of case studies on extractive industries across the United States, focusing on coal, copper, gold, iron, natural gas, and oil.

Cover of AGI Factsheet 2018-004 - Present Day Climate Change

Climate Science 101 Climate is the average of weather conditions over several decades.1,2 Geoscientists monitor modern climate conditions (1880 A.D. to present) in part by taking direct measurements of weather data (i.e., air temperature, rainfall and snowfall, wind speed, cloudiness, and so on)...

Cover of AGI Factsheet 2018-002-Geologic Mapping and Public Health

Using Geologic Maps to Protect Public Health Geologic maps can be used to understand and mitigate public health risks across the US, in addition to their more traditional use in resource and infrastructure decisions. Geologic maps can show the location of naturally occurring hazardous materials and...

CI_Factsheet_2017_4_drywellbasics_170906_thumb.JPG

What is a Dry Well? A dry well is a well that is used to transmit surface water underground and is deeper than its width at the surface (see image, below). Most dry wells are 30 to 70 feet deep and 3 feet wide at the surface. They are lined with perforated casings and can be filled with gravel or...

Cover of Geoscience Policy State Factsheet. Image credit: AGI

By the numbers: Arizona 6,703 geoscience employees (excludes self-employed)1 2.76 billion gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal3 $6.61 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20174 65 total disaster declarations, including 39 fire, 13 flood, and 10 severe storm disasters (1953-2017)6...

CI_Factsheet_2017_5_drywellprograms_170906_thumb.JPG

Introduction Dry wells improve stormwater drainage and aquifer recharge by providing a fast, direct route for rainwater to drain deep into underlying sediment and rock. Dry wells are most common in the western U.S. where clay or caliche layers slow down the natural drainage of water into underlying...

Screenshot of the USEITI case studies showing the Pima County case study highlighted

The U.S. Department of the Interior's Office of Natural Resources Revenue, Information and Data Management has produced a series of case studies on extractive industries across the United States, focusing on coal, copper, gold, iron, natural gas, and oil.

CI_Factsheet_2017_7_ValleyFever_171205_thumb.JPG

What grows in arid, sandy soils? How do these soils become dust? Many small organisms, such as bacteria and fungi, grow among the sand and silt particles in dry valley and desert soils. At the soil’s surface, these organisms often form biological webs (“microbiotic crusts”) that keep small sand and...

GOLI Online Courses

GOLI Course: Water as One Resource; Image Copyright © Marli Miller, University of Oregon. http://www.earthscienceworld.org/images
Course Type: GOLI Online Course

This course provides an overview of how groundwater and surface water interact, what the implications of these interactions on water resources are, and how water can be more effectively managed if an understanding of these interactions is incorporated.

The course presenters are Ken...