Geoscience in Your State: Ohio

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Cover of Geoscience Policy State Factsheet. Image credit: AGI

By the numbers: Ohio

  • 10,494 geoscience employees (excludes self-employed)1
  • 866 million gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal3
  • $1.08 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20174
  • 54 total disaster declarations, including 24 severe storm, 15 flood, and 4 snow disasters (1953-2017)6
  • $4.85 million: NSF GEO grants awarded in 201714...

Agencies Working on Geoscience Issues in ohio

Ohio Division of Mineral Resources

The mission of the division is to provide for the safe and environmentally sound development and restoration of mineral and fossil fuel extraction sites. Diverse and comprehensive programs address the environmental and safety aspects of the coal and mineral mining industries while maintaining high standards of regulatory effectiveness. The division also restores abandoned mine land, enforces mining safety laws, and ensures the protection of citizens, land and water resources. Program and support services include permitting, bonding, inspection, enforcement, mine safety rescue support and training, hydrology, soils, blasting, archaeology, engineering, design, information technology and administrative support. Expertise is provided by an experienced staff of inspectors, geologists, environmental specialists, engineers, blasting specialists, soils scientists, hydrologists, archaeologists, and hydrogeologists.

Ohio Division of Oil and Gas Resources

The Division's responsibilities include regulation of Ohio's oil and gas drilling, production, brine disposal, solution mining, and underground injection operations. Staff inspects the drilling, restoration, and plugging of all oil and gas wells in the state.

Ohio Division of Water Resources

The Division of Water Resources (DWR) was statutorily created from the former Division of Soil and Water Resources on January 1, 2016, in accordance with Amended Substitute House Bill Number 64 of the 131st General Assembly. The Division's office is located in Columbus. Responsibilities include dam and levee maintenence, flood safety, ground water use and storage, and water data collection.

Ohio Emergency Management Agency

The primary mission of the Ohio Emergency Management Agency is to coordinate activities to mitigate, prepare for, respond to and recover from disasters.

Ohio Environmental Protection Agency

The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency is a trusted leader and environmental steward using innovation, quality service and public involvement to ensure a safe and healthy environment for all Ohioans. Ohio EPA's goal is to protect the environment and public health by ensuring compliance with environmental laws and demonstrating leadership in environmental stewardship.

Ohio Geological Survey

The mission of the Ohio Geological Survey is to provide geologic information and services needed for responsible management of Ohio's natural resources.

Case Studies & Factsheets

Cover of Abandoned Wells

Introduction In 2017, there were one million active oil and gas wells in the United States.1 When a well reaches the end of its productive life, or if it fails to find economic quantities of oil or gas, the well operator is required by regulators to remove all equipment and plug the well to prevent...

Cover of AGI Factsheet 2018-004 - Present Day Climate Change

Climate Science 101 Climate is the average of weather conditions over several decades.1,2 Geoscientists monitor modern climate conditions (1880 A.D. to present) in part by taking direct measurements of weather data (i.e., air temperature, rainfall and snowfall, wind speed, cloudiness, and so on)...

Cover of Non-Fuel Products of Oil and Gas

Introduction Oil and natural gas are complex mixtures of chemicals. Oil refineries and gas processing plants extract the organic compounds that make the best fuels for transportation, heating, and electricity generation: gasoline, jet fuel, diesel fuel, heating oil, and methane. Other chemicals...

Cover of Geoscience Policy State Factsheet. Image credit: AGI

By the numbers: Ohio 10,494 geoscience employees (excludes self-employed)1 866 million gallons/day: total groundwater withdrawal3 $1.08 billion: value of nonfuel mineral production in 20174 54 total disaster declarations, including 24 severe storm, 15 flood, and 4 snow disasters (1953-2017)6 $4...

Cover of Induced Seismicity from Oil and Gas Operations

Manmade Earthquakes Any activity that significantly changes the pressure on or fluid content of rocks has the potential to trigger earthquakes. This includes geothermal energy production, water storage in large reservoirs, groundwater extraction, underground injection of water for enhanced oil...


Background In areas prone to winter precipitation, transportation infrastructure must be able to quickly respond to snow and ice on roadways. Ice removal is a vital service in these communities. Deicing chemicals melt ice by lowering the temperature at which it melts. They can also prevent new ice...

Cover of Groundwater Protection in Oil and Gas Production

Introduction The United States relies on groundwater for roughly 25% of its fresh water.1 This groundwater is found in porous, permeable rocks (aquifers) that often lie close to the Earth’s surface – the deepest freshwater aquifers are found more than 6,000 feet underground,2 but most are much...

Cover of Using Produced Water

Opportunities and Concerns in Using Produced Water Produced water is natural groundwater that is extracted along with oil and gas. It is commonly salty and mixed with oil residues,1 so it must be either disposed of or treated and reused. About 2.5 billion gallons of produced water are extracted...

Cover of What Determines the Location of a Well

Introduction Oil- and gas-rich rocks are only found in certain parts of the United States, so most of the country has no oil or gas wells. Where oil and gas production is commercially viable, many factors determine the exact location of each well, including leasing, permitting, competing land uses...


Introduction Dry wells improve stormwater drainage and aquifer recharge by providing a fast, direct route for rainwater to drain deep into underlying sediment and rock. Dry wells are most common in the western U.S. where clay or caliche layers slow down the natural drainage of water into underlying...

Cover of Water Sources for Hydraulic Fracturing

Hydraulic Fracturing and Water Demand Hydraulically fracturing a modern well can require millions of gallons of water for the initial fracturing process. This is a potential problem in arid regions with competing demands for fresh water (i.e. high water stress), such as Colorado and West Texas (see...

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